Universal Declaration on the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide

Universal Declaration on the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide

PREAMBLE

Considering the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;

Ratifying the Universal Declaration of Spiritual Rights, the Universal Declaration of Ecological Rights, the Universal Declaration on the Right to World Peace, the Universal Declaration on the Rights of Buddhist Peoples and Spiritual Communities, the Universal Declaration on the Rights of Non-Human Beings, the Universal Declaration on the Right to Interreligious and Inter-spiritual Harmony, the Universal Declaration on the Responsibility to Save the World, the United Buddhist Nations Organization Declaration of Independence, the Universal Declaration on Buddhism as Cultural Heritage of Humanity, the Buddhist Declaration against Terrorism and Religious Manipulation, and the Buddhist Convention on Human Rights;

Discovering that Buddhism has been extinguished many times in the past, such as the cultural destruction of thousands of university temples along with multiple genocides and ethnic cleansings against the Buddhist Peoples, as happened in Bangladesh, Mongolia, USSR, Cambodia, India and China, among others;

Denouncing that in China there have been multiple cases of genocides and ethnic cleansings against the Buddhist Peoples to whom it tried to destroy physically and culturally, as happened in Khotan, in the Dzungar People, in Tibet and in the Cultural Revolution of Mao Zedong;

Confirming that the Buddhist Peoples and Spiritual Communities have the threat of being trivialized, deteriorated or destroyed by contemporary societies obsessed with materialistic development, which constitutes a spiritual impoverishment of the cultural heritage of humanity;

Affirming that the Buddhist People is crucial for the Salvation and Evolution of the world, demanding then that it be protected, since its active contemplation, its compassionate wisdom, its humanitarian ethics and its righteous love are the way of evolution of the human being;

Urging the international community to participate in the protection of Buddhism as a Cultural Evolution of humanity, having to comply with the individual and collective rights of the Buddhist Peoples and Spiritual Communities, especially by providing assistance in the face of the dangers that threaten their welfare and that can generate their extinction;

Believing that in order to collectively protect the Buddhist People it is essential to adopt this Universal Declaration that recognizes the existence of the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide and that seeks it ceases to happen;

Requesting the adoption of measures to protect the existence and self-determination of the Indigenous Buddhist Peoples against criminal invading States, especially protecting the right to social autonomy and spiritual freedom of the Tibetan People which have suffered acts of aggression and crimes against peace, such as the invasion, military occupation, domination, repression, contempt, destruction and extermination, so the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide is being perfectly comparable to the magnitude of the Armenian Genocide;

Providing certainty that the alleged Chinese sovereignty over Tibet, which would have occurred in the past according to the Chinese dictatorship and that was used as an argument to invade Tibet, is nothing more than a lie created by the imperialist and colonialist Chinese regime, since actually the Mongols are the ones who in the past had power in this Buddhist country for being the patrons of Tibet and also by creating the political institution of the Dalai Lamas;

Considering that Lama Geshe Jampel Senge has denounced the invasive and colonialist policy of genocide and ethnic cleansing carried out by the Chinese dictatorship in order to exterminate the Tibetan Buddhist People;

Stating that contemporary historians such as Chang and Halliday clarify the death toll produced by the Chinese regime of Mao Zedong at more than 70 million people, of which about 45 million died from the great famine of 1959-1961 caused by his genocidal policies, which was recognized by the very Chinese Communist Party in a 1981 report admitting the deaths of 15 million people, and also it was recognized by the Chinese demographer Peng Xizhe who confirmed the death of 23 million people, being such an apocalyptic and insane famine that even thousands of Chinese families exchanged their children in order to eat them;

Consolidating with historical evidence the claim that the Chinese communist regime of Mao Zedong committed the worst genocide in the history of the world, even being much more deadly and perverse than Nazism and the Conquistadors of America;

Warning that the Chinese communist dictatorship of Mao Zedong not only produced multiple genocides in China and Tibet, but even has supported and assisted in carrying out the Cambodian Buddhist Genocide led by the Maoist Pol Pot regime that exterminated 2 million people, destroying thousands of Buddhist communities and performing an ethnic cleansing of tens of thousands of Theravada Buddhist masters;

Taking into account that according to the experts Chang and Halliday during the Chinese Cultural Revolution a regime of chaos and purge of 3 million Chinese was set, which according to classified official sources 2 million people were murdered and 125 million tortured, being also carried out a massacre and genocide against the Tibetan Buddhist People by specifically kidnapping and exterminating tens of thousands of Tibetan leaders and intellectuals, being a process defined by the scholar Alan Jones as a genocide and eliticide, which has been erased from history by the Chinese dictatorship that never assumed responsibility nor did it apologize for the mass killings despite the fact that in 1981 the very Chinese Communist Party admitted that Mao Zedong had made serious mistakes during the Cultural Revolution;

Ensuring that in the same way that the historian David Irving is a Holocaust denier, the Chinese official Yan Hao considered the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide as a myth, at the same time that the pseudo-historian Tom Grunfeld is also a denier for making racist, insulting and defamatory comments against Tibetan Buddhist People by characterizing it as barbaric, inhuman and uncivilized, and by developing a dishonest academic work that is pro-Chinese and that maintains silence in the face of the 45 million deaths that were product of the great Chinese famine in addition to ignoring the hundreds of thousands of dead in the concentration camps of Tibet;

Emphasizing that the international community has ignored the existence of the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide for decades, so it is essential for States, Universities, non-governmental organizations and Buddhist communities to recognize this terrible genocide, putting an end to Chinese Denialism and saying Never Again;

Reaffirming that even in 1960 the International Commission of Jurists has found that in Tibet there was a Genocide led by the dictator Mao Zedong, stating that it sought to systematically eradicate the religious group of Buddhism through its prohibition and also through the murder of their leaders, in addition to analyzing evidence of the forced transfer of 20 thousand Tibetan children to China in order to be raised outside their communities, many of whom their families never heard from them again;

Underlining that although in the following decades the situation worsened and the genocide continued to advance, as early as 1960 the International Commission of Jurists found that in Tibet there were violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms, violating the right to life, the right to freedom, right to security, right to work, right to privacy, right to family, right to education, right to free movement, right to free thought, right to religion, the right to free association, the right to free expression and the right to democratic participation, all of which violate the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights;

Persuaded that in 1961 and 1965 the UN General Assembly ruled that China was violating the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the Tibetan People, including the right to self-determination, since the Chinese dictatorship violated religious life and the ethnic identity of Tibetan culture that is protected by the UN Charter and by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;

Being aware that the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide carried out by the Chinese dictatorship between 1949 and 1979 has caused, according to Buddhist sources, the death of 1.2 million Tibetans (20% of the population), which brings together 421 thousand Tibetans killed by brutal torture and mass executions, 342 thousand Tibetans killed by forced famine, and more than 432 thousand Tibetans who died under bombing and Chinese military attacks;

Verifying that the historian Margolin has confirmed that the number of deaths produced in Tibet deserves to be considered as genocidal massacres, at the same time that the genocide scholar Adam Jones has denounced that the Chinese communist regime carried out massive torture of Tibetans and even more than 90 thousand executions;

Respecting the rights of Tibetan women and denouncing that they have been subjected to serious human rights violations and genocidal acts, such as thousands of sexual abuse, millions of cases of torture and thousands of cases of forced abortions and mass sterilizations, the latter being condemned by the European Parliament as a process of destruction of Tibetan identity, which is equivalent to ethnic cleansing and genocide;

Evoking the Ottawa Declaration of the Sixth World Parliamentarians Convention on Tibet, which has confirmed that the practices and policies of the Chinese dictatorship that attack Tibetan Buddhism seek to repress the preservation and development of the Tibetan People identity, destroying their culture, language, customs, way of life and traditions, which constitutes a systematic attack that is defined as a cultural genocide;

Being aware that the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide protects the Tibetan national group and the Buddhist religious group, considering that any act seeking to partially or totally destroy these groups constitutes an act of genocide, such as murdering the members of the group, cause them serious physical or mental harm, impose measures that prevent births, and transfer children out of the group, all of which has happened in Tibet;

Showing that the Chinese dictatorship has systematically violated binding international treaties that it has signed, such as the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;

Demonstrating that the UN Committee against Torture observed that Chinese legal sources corroborated the daily, unpunished, systematic and widespread use of torture and mistreatment by the Chinese police as a mechanism for the extraction of information, as has happened to Lama Tenzin Namgyal, Lama Kelsang Tsundue and Lama Dorjee Rinchen, which is prohibited by International Law for being a crime against humanity;

Highlighting that the Spanish courts issued an arrest warrant in INTERPOL against President Hu Jintao and other Chinese senior officials for having participated in the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide, as they militarily repressed the Tibetan civilian population through hundreds of murders, hundreds of enforced disappearances and thousands of arbitrary detentions, all of which also constitute Crimes against humanity;

Recalling that while there was freely a regime of universal jurisdiction in Spain, the courts of this country decided to investigate and to judge the Chinese regime for committing genocide and crimes against humanity in Tibet, for which the Tibetan Buddhist Lama Thubten Wangchen was allowed to bring Former President Jiang Zemin and six other former Chinese leaders on trial for the deaths of around 1 million Tibetans, all of which was stopped with impunity due to the Chinese dictatorship’s economic pressures on corrupt Spanish politicians in order to change the Spanish Law itself and thus providing impunity to these international crimes;

Being attentive that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights stated that discrimination and the breach of minority rights by China has caused protests by Tibetan Buddhist monks in which many of them recently sacrificed themselves into a supreme act of protest for the Buddhist genocide in Tibet, burning themselves to death in order to criticize political repression, cultural assimilation, social discrimination, economic marginalization and environmental destruction, as were the cases of the Buddhist Lamas Wangchen Dolma, Sangye Dolma, Tenzin Choedon, Palden Choetso, Tenzin Wangmo, Lobsang Phuntsok, Tsewang Norbu, Lobsang Konchok, Lobsang Kelsang, Kelsang Wangchuk, Dawa Tsering, Tenzin Phuntsok, Lobsang Jamyang, Rigzin Dorje, Lobsang Gyatso, Dhamchoe Sangpo, Tenzin Khedup, Tamding Kyab, Lobsang Gendun, Kunchok Phelgye y Kalsang Yeshi, all of whom self-sacrificed their lives for the sake of the Tibetan Buddhist Civilization;

Alerting that the Chinese dictatorial regime has aggressively confronted the self-sacrificing protests of Tibetan Lamas, by declaring many Buddhist leaders as terrorists and even falsely accusing them of murder;

Inviting the Chinese dictatorship to immediately stop suppressing peaceful protests carried out by Tibetan Buddhist monks, and to stop shooting at Buddhist activities, as was the case with Lama Tashi Sonam who was shot in the head by the Chinese Army only for participating in a spiritual rite on a sacred mountain when celebrating the birth of the Dalai Lama;

Showing dismay at the fact that all Tibetan Buddhist Lamas have suffered forced displacement, arbitrary detention, torture, murder or forced disappearance for decades and with total impunity by the Chinese dictatorial regime, as were the case of Lama Jigme Gyatso tortured and inhumanely imprisoned for the fictitious crime of counterrevolutionary activities, the case of Lama Palden Gyatso detained and tortured for three decades, the case of Lama Jamyang Jinpa tortured and killed, the case of Lama Ganden Tashi (Lhundrup Kelden) tortured to be paralyzed, the cases of Lama Ngawang Jamyang and Lama Jampel Thinley tortured until they die, the case of the missing Lama Tsering Gyaltsen, and the case of the kidnapping of the Panchen Lama Gedun Choekyi Nyima;

Recognizing that the Chinese regime has arbitrarily detained thousands of Buddhist monks who are political prisoners in Tibet, including the former Panchen Lama for almost two decades, carrying out massive torture and inhumane treatment on them, all of which constitute crimes against humanity;

Specifying that the former Panchen Lama was detained by the Mao Zedong regime after having denounced the genocidal famine that by 1962 had killed all the prisoners in the concentration camps (approximately half of the adult male population of Tibet), and also after criticizing the policies of religious intolerance that were destroying thousands of Buddhist university monasteries, all of which led to the extinction of the Tibetan identity, because in said thousands of monasteries destroyed millions of Buddhist texts were housed along as an enormous amount of cultural heritage on Tibetan literature, medicine, arts, politics and astronomy, in addition to the fact that there were also millions of Buddhist statues with thousands of tons of gold and silver, all of which was destroyed and looted with impunity by the Chinese dictatorship that between 1949-1970 completely destroyed the cultural heritage that the Tibetan-Mongolian Buddhist Civilization had taken 1300 years to build;

Noting that the previous Panchen Lama, initially allied to the Chinese dictatorship, expressed in 1962 in the face of the Central Committee of the Communist Party that according to his calculations there were about 110 thousand Buddhist Lamas in the TAR region, which were reduced to only 7 thousand, which represents 93% extermination, and that in just 4 years 10% of the TAR population had been arrested, at the same time that on that date there were 70 Buddhist monasteries left out of the 2500 that existed in the TAR region, being a revelation that caused Panchen Lama to be arbitrarily arrested, tortured and publicly humiliated for several years.

Aware that after the genocidal invasion between 1956 and 1976 the Chinese dictatorship destroyed 6250 Buddhist university monasteries in Tibet, leaving only 8 monasteries standing, as it sought to destroy these university and spiritual education centers that also functioned as political, cultural, financial and legal centers, reason why the Communist Party was always afraid of them and decided to repress them, destroying millions of sacred Scriptures (60% of all Buddhist books) and annihilating the millenary philosophical and scientific knowledge of the entire ancient Tibetan Buddhist Civilization, which constitutes a violation of the cultural heritage of humanity according to UNESCO declarations in addition to also constituting a war crime according to the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC);

Watching that from 1956 the Chinese dictatorial regime of Mao Zedong bombed thousands of Buddhist university monasteries with the assistance of the Soviet air force, such as Serta, Dalak Tengchen, Tekhor Tanko, Ba Chhoti, Markham Lo, Ganden Thubchen Choekhorling, Changtreng Sampheling and Lithang monasteries, many times destroying the monasteries with up to 3000 Buddhist Lamas inside, in addition to the fact that within the few monasteries that the Chinese dictatorship left standing they have placed images of the genocidal Mao Zedong along with images of Gautama, considering Mao as a Living Buddha and his ideas as a new religion, which represents an unprecedented blasphemy against Buddhism because it is equivalent to placing images of Adolf Hitler for his veneration within Jewish synagogues;

Urging the Chinese dictatorship to abide by China’s own Constitution, in which basic human rights such as the right to religious freedom and the right to self-determination are recognized;

Recommending the report of the International Commission of Jurists in which Tibet is legally validated as an independent State and simultaneously is confirmed that China violated the bilateral treaty between both countries;

Hoping that the Tibetan Buddhist People will achieve Welfare, Liberation and Self-determination at all levels of life, such as political, economic, cultural and environmental;

Noting that China has committed Ecocide in Tibet, since it has not only deforested, extinguished fauna, desertified and also devastated natural resources because this is one of the richest countries in the world in minerals, but it even uses Tibet as an area where nuclear waste is dumped, which jeopardizes the environmental health of millions of human beings;

Encouraging the Chinese dictatorship to promote a system of democracy in Tibet and even to accept the resolutions and declarations of the World Parliamentarians Conference on Tibet that recognize the Tibetan Government in Exile as the legitimate representative of the Tibetan People;

Supporting the peaceful Resistance of the Tibetan Buddhist People against the Chinese totalitarian system, simultaneously criticizing any attempt to achieve Independence or Self-determination through violent means sponsored by the CIA;

Convinced that the current dictatorial Chinese regime is committing a cultural genocide in Tibet, as stated by the International Campaign for Tibet, since its system of ethnic discrimination and state repression systematically and widespreadly restricts Tibetan language and Spirituality, seeking the destruction of this ancient culture through repression and forced assimilation;

Recalling that the Chinese authoritarian regime of Xi Jinping is also carrying out a cultural genocide in Inner Mongolia, forcibly imposing the learning of the Mandarin language over the local Mongolian language, which implies putting a monocultural ethnic policy that considers that the autonomy of ethnic minorities produces separatist movements;

Learning that the oppression and persecution carried out by the Chinese communist regime against ethnic or religious groups has not only been targeted against the Tibetan-Mongolian Buddhist People, but also against Falun Gong Buddhists and against Muslim Uyghurs;

Reiterating that the Chinese regime uses concentration camps in a systematic and widespread way, which is a criminal policy carried out by Mao Zedong in the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide of the 20th century and also carried out by Xi Jinping during the Islamic Uyghur Genocide in the 21st century, in addition to the fact that the latter dictator has recently decided to re-implement in Tibet this genocidal and slavery policy that seeks to effectively eliminate the lazy ones, which is considered by researcher Adrian Zenz as an attack seeking to destroy the Tibetan lifestyle;

Admitting that the Chinese dictatorship of Xi Jinping not only persecutes Tibetan Buddhists, Mongolian Buddhists, Falun Gong Buddhists and Uyghur Muslims, but even it has carried out a fierce and systematic repression against Catholic Christians that in some cases has included arbitrary detention and banning of religious activity to thousands of Catholics, while in other cases it even meant the kidnapping and forced disappearance of priests, as is the case of Su Zhimin and Shi Enxiang, all of which are genocidal acts and crimes against humanity according to International Law;

Perceiving that the Chinese regime has employed a system of torture and brainwashing against millions of people from ethnic and religious minorities, such as Tibetan Buddhists, Falun Gong Buddhists, Uyghur Muslims and Catholic Christians, abducting them, subduing them and brainwashing them in concentration camps under threat of death;

Appreciating that the ethical principles of Buddhism are essential to the evolution of a peaceful world;

Solemnly proclaiming this Universal Declaration on the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide (1951-2021) with the Purpose of safeguarding Buddhism, protecting the tangible and intangible cultural heritage, and achieving international cooperation for the Independence of the Buddhist People, spreading it for the acceptance of the States and the adhesion of Buddhist Peoples and Spiritual Communities;

PART I: TIBETAN BUDDHIST GENOCIDE

Article 1 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which between 1949 and 1976 the Mao Zedong regime destroyed 200,000 temples or Buddhist communities (sanghas) throughout China, establishing a cult of his personality despite the fact that this genocidal leader destroyed Chinese society by plunging it into a hell of madness that resulted in the torture and murder of 27 million people in concentration camps.

Article 2 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the communist regime of Mao Zedong abandoned and fought the ideas of Confucius as the guide of the Chinese civilization, given the appreciation that this thinker gave to the legacy of past generations, which is why Mao then preferred to value Emperor Yingzheng who thousands of years ago was famous for burning books and burying scholars, developing an authoritarian vision that united China through State violence.

Article 3 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship of Mao Zedong tried to extinguish all the cultural heritage of 6 thousand years of Chinese civilization, since the Maoist Cultural Revolution destroyed in Beijing about 4900 historical monuments, 2.357.000 ancient books and 185 thousand paintings, burning and vandalizing an entire ancient culture while persecuting and murdering most of China’s artists, academic thinkers and religious leaders.

Article 4 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship carried out a bloody Cultural Revolution in Tibet that sought the complete elimination of Buddhism, as Mao sought to destroy old ideas, old culture, old habits and old customs, therefore, thousands of Buddhist schools were destroyed, the Tibetan language was banned, thousands of intellectuals were sent to concentration camps, millions of people were tortured in order to forget their historical past, millions of sacred Buddhist Sutras were burned and also were used many times by Chinese officials as toilet paper or fertilizer.

Article 5 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese communist regime of Mao Zedong, by its totalitarian and authoritarian essence, executed thousands of Tibetans, beating them to death, crucifying them, burning them, mutilating them, hanging them, burying them alive and beheading them, all of which is not hard to believe since the same Chinese dictatorship during the Cultural Revolution encouraged a massive cannibal massacre in Guangxi against 400 people from its own Chinese population.

Article 6 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship murdered 1.2 million Tibetans, according to data from the Tibetan government in exile and also according to the North American Congress, producing that from more than 592 thousand Tibetan Lamas and Tantric Buddhist practitioners were tortured and murdered more than 110 thousand between the years 1951 and 1979, forcibly expelling another 250 thousand from Buddhism, and generating the flight of 145 thousand Tibetan refugees to other bordering countries, which produced that only 1 thousand Buddhist Lamas remained in 1978.

Article 7 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship systematically carried out Denialism that questions the Tibetan death toll and provides much lower numbers, which is mainly due to the fact that China only recognizes as Tibet to the TAR region that is composed of two million of Tibetans, which is only 1 province of the 3 provinces that historically make up the Greater Tibet area, so they deliberately omitted the Tibetan population of the other two provinces (Kham and Amdo, or Sikang and Qinghai) which is four million, deciding then to ignore and mock to the fact that the total population of Tibetan Buddhists is 6 million to affirm then that it is actually 2 million and that this is proof that the Tibetan government in exile does not even know the number of Tibetans in existence.

Article 8 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which French questioned the number of 1.2 million Tibetan dead, stating that there were more like 500 thousand dead, although to reach this conclusion he only used the Chinese censuses on the TAR region and not censuses on the whole of Greater Tibet, which obviously show a much higher number.

Article 9 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorial regime has denied the massacres and has even accused the Tibetan victims of destroying their own Buddhist temples, accusing them of being conspirators and working with other countries in spreading false information, which is a denialist resource that all genocidal governments use in order to cover up their crimes.

Article 10 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship claimed that the military invasion of Tibet was actually the Liberation of the Tibetan people, when rather it was about the destruction of the political, economic, cultural and environmental dimensions of the ancient Tibetan Buddhist Civilization.

Article 11 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which hundreds of thousands of people have been detained in a totally illegal way, mostly unarmed Buddhist monks, women and children, imprisoning them for alleged counterrevolutionary activities, torturing them without respecting their most basic human rights, which constitutes a huge act of cowardice by the Chinese dictatorship that decides to fight peaceful and unarmed civilians instead of fighting the armies of other countries.

Article 12 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Amnesty International has confirmed that the majority of political prisoners in Tibet are hundreds of Buddhist Lamas subjected to arbitrary arrests, widespread torture, inhumane treatment and prolonged detentions.

Article 13 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the right to self-determination and peaceful protest of Tibetans have been forbidden, shooting and murdering women and children who express ideas in favor of Liberation, as happened with the nun Phuntsog Yangki beaten to death for singing pro-independence songs, in addition to the fact that those who transmit messages or statements on human rights are imprisoned and their families also persecuted.

Article 14 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 2008 alone there were more than 340 protests by Tibetans, all of which were brutally repressed by the Chinese dictatorship, leaving approximately more than 220 dead and 6800 arbitrary arrests.

Article 15 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which hundreds of Buddhist monks have sacrificed themselves in acts of protest and solidarity, as was the case of the tantric hero Sonam Wangyal Sopa Rinpoche (Sobha Tulku), although it caused a greater level of persecution and state repression since the Chinese dictatorship subsequently discriminated and persecuted the families of those who self-sacrifice for the Liberation of Tibet.

Article 16 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in May 1988 more than 30 Buddhist Lamas were beaten to death inside the Jokhang Temple by the Chinese dictatorship, while 20 other Lamas from the same monastery were arrested, tortured and murdered in prisons.

Article 17 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which thousands of Buddhist Lamas have been forced to reject the leadership of the Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, since those who do not do this are subjected to imprisonment, genocidal torture and forced expulsions, while the Chinese dictatorship accuses the Dalai Lama of being a terrorist, a demon with a human face and a Nazi who seeks ethnic cleansing of the Chinese, reason by which having loyalty to the Dalai Lama or even having a picture of him is considered an act of treason to the Chinese State.

Article 18 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Tibetan teachers have been arrested and sentenced to prison solely for possessing literature on the Dalai Lama, like the case of Gyaye Phuntsog, in addition to the fact that in 1996 the monks Dhamchoe Gyatso, Jigme Tendar and Dhamchoe Kalden from the Kumbum monastery have suffered arbitrary arrest and forced disappearance for having published a magazine considered as counterrevolutionary by the Chinese dictatorship.

Article 19 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has banned the teachings of Gautama Buddha, bringing the cultural heritage of the Tibetan Buddhist People to the brink of extinction by prohibiting the free spiritual transmission between master and apprentice that is fundamental in the Buddhist lineages, since spiritual masters who teach Buddhism without government authorization are arrested, tortured, forcibly expelled and even murdered, as happened with the arrest and murder of Khenpo Jigme Phutsok.

Article 20 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has beaten to death thousands of Buddhist Lamas, including Lamas who supported the Chinese communist system, as was the case of Geshe Sherab Gyatso.

Article 21 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has systematically restricted the Buddhist spiritual activities of Tibetans, which constitutes a Cultural Genocide, even by issuing in 2007 a governmental order of the Chinese State Administration for Religious Affairs in which it is established that the Chinese dictatorship will be in charge of confirming the reincarnations of the Living Buddhas in Tibetan Buddhism, so that those who do not have the Chinese government approval are declared as illegal or illegitimate Buddhas and forcibly expelled from the monasteries, even by stating that the most important Tibetan Buddhist masters must also be submitted to a governmental patriotic training or brainwashing plan, so those who resist are tortured and publicly humiliated, many times murdering them, reason why the Chinese dictatorship actually seeks to fully control Tibetan Buddhism and destroy its liberating influence on Tibetan society through state usurpation of the spiritual authority from enlightened Buddhist masters.

Article 22 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Chinese security forces have set themselves within Buddhist monasteries, recording every move and word of the Buddhist Lamas with security cameras in order to intimidate any dissent, arbitrarily detaining spiritual leaders to perform brainwashing on them, discrediting Buddhist masters with hate speech and defamation, controlling the admission process of Buddhist Lamas, forcing thousands of Lamas to marry, restricting the number of Lamas and their internal functions in the monasteries, prohibiting certain ceremonial encounters, blocking the distribution of Buddhist literature and even prohibiting the practice of Buddhism outside the monasteries, which constitutes a set of state practices that violate the right of the Tibetan People to freely practice its Spirituality and cultural life.

Article 23 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 1955 the Chinese dictatorship ordered Buddhist Lamas from the Amdo region to marry, even sending them to prison or crucifying 12 Lamas for refusing to accept these orders.

Article 24 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 1997 the Chinese dictatorship defended its brainwashing campaign, and even admitted that this rectification or forced re-education was carried out on 46 thousand Buddhist Lamas.

Article 25 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship stabbed Lama Gumi Tensing for refusing to preach against Buddhist Spirituality.

Article 26 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the International Federation of Human Rights (IFHR) has been able to check that Tibetan Buddhist Lamas are victims of arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances and inhumane treatment by the Chinese dictatorship, since China systematically seeks to indoctrinate or undermine the practice of Tibetan Buddhism and replacing loyalty to the Dalai Lama with obedience to the Communist Party.

Article 27 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship’s propaganda system has ridiculously accused Tibetan Buddhist leaders of having implemented human sacrifice practices during the reign of the Dalai Lama.

Article 28 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Zhang Qingli, former Chinese in charge of the Tibet area, stated that the Central Committee of the Communist Party is the real Buddha for Tibetans, which is why governmental control over Tibetan Buddhism implies forcing Tibetan Lamas to denounce the Dalai Lama and declare love for China and socialism.

Article 29 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 2011 the Chinese dictatorship carried out military sieges against the Kirti and Drepung monasteries, which are of the most important spiritual educational institutions in Tibet, hermetically blocking access to food and water for thousands of Buddhist Lamas by several days until lead them into starvation, also kidnapping 300 monks for brainwashing them or for the genocidal re-education, and even forcibly disappearing hundreds of Lamas.

Article 30 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship invited important Buddhist Lamas to attend cultural events and then forcibly disappeared them, as were the cases of Sharkelden Gyatso, Konchok Lhundup and Lama Pandita Shi Chen, all of which was a tactic that tried to be carried out against the Dalai Lama and that motivated his flight from Tibet in 1959.

Article 31 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship engaged in state persecution against religion, criminalizing Buddhist spiritual practices and peaceful expressions in favor of the Dalai Lama, controlling Tibetan monasteries through the imposition of internal administrative committees, controlling the admission and training of Buddhist monks in order to impose indoctrination, blocking the performance of ceremonies, carrying out mass expulsions of Buddhist monks as happened with 1200 Lamas of Drepung and Sera in 2008, and even restricting the publication and distribution of Buddhist spiritual texts.

Article 32 – Buddhism acknowledges the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship carried out the Mao Zedong Cultural Revolution in which not only religion was banned, monasteries were destroyed and spiritual leaders who resisted were assassinated, but also the Chinese legal system was completely destroyed, which was never properly rebuilt, as the Communist Party does not respect the legal profession or the Rule of Law, violating the right to defense and due process in almost all cases that are brought to justice, including by carrying out violations against human rights lawyers by spying on them, threatening them, removing their professional legal license, closing their offices, kidnapping them, torturing them and sometimes even subjecting them to enforced disappearance.

Article 33 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the 84-year-old Tibetan Buddhist master Paljor Norbu, dedicated to publishing Buddhist texts, was arrested for inciting separatism and sentenced to 7 years in prison, at the same time as Master Tenzin Delek Rinpoche and Lobsang Dhondup were sentenced to death for inciting separatism and causing explosions, all of which happened because the Chinese dictatorship prohibits and punishes Tibetans from expressing their desire to remain Tibetans and non-Chinese, or for wanting to preserve their ancient Buddhist Civilization and not being part of the Chinese civilization model.

Article 34 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese communist dictatorship has sentenced numerous Buddhist Lamas for alleged separatist activities and transmission of State secrets, as happened in the cases of Jampel Changchub sentenced to 19 years, Tenpa Wangdrak sentenced to 14 years, and Ngawang Gyaltsen sentenced to 17 years.

Article 35 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese communist dictatorship has betrayed the political philosophy of Marxism and Leninism that supposedly guide the Chinese Communist Party, since Socialism recognizes the rights to political self-determination and independence of nations, which is evident not only in Engels’s vision that the population of disputed areas must decide their own destiny, but also being very clear in Lenin’s vision when criticizing as hypocrites all those who deny the right to self-determination and accuse the people to promote separatism, which means supporting the privileges of the dominant nation to the detriment of democracy and betraying Socialism.

Article 36 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has prohibited Tibetan Buddhists from having contact with Buddhist institutions outside of China, which obviously means the prohibition of involvement with the leaders of the four Tibetan Buddhist lineages living in exile, considering this kind of activity as espionage or revelation of State secrets.

Article 37 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 1999 the Chinese dictatorship arrested Bangri Rinpoche and Nyima Choedrom, founders of an orphanage in Lhasa, sentencing them respectively to 15 and 10 years in prison on charges of espionage and activities against national security.

Article 38 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has declared entering Tibetan monastic life as illegal for children, thus destroying an ancient tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, at the same time that the Chinese dictatorship teaches the country’s children that Tibetan Buddhism is a retrograde practice and an obstacle to progress.

Article 39 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the rights of Tibetan children have been violated by the Chinese dictatorship, breaking the UN Convention on the Rights of the Children signed by China, since Tibetan children are systematically and arbitrarily arrested for exercising their freedom of expression and participating in peaceful protests, as confirmed by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, by being sent to adult prisons without trial, subjecting them to forced labor and torture for their spiritual beliefs and political visions, and even being sexually abused and treated inhumanly.

Article 40 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has arrested children, depriving them of legal defense, torturing them and sentencing them to several years in prison for separatism, as was the case of Jigme Dolma.

Article 41 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has arbitrarily detained Buddhist monks of child age, such as the cases of Migmar Tsering sentenced to seven years, the case of Sonam Choepel sentenced to 2 years, the case of Phurbu Tashi sentenced to 5 years, and the case of Jampel Dorje sentenced to 9 years, many times forbidding them to have legal defense and making them forcibly disappear as happened in the case of Lobsang Jangchub and Lobsang Tsultrim.

Article 42 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship kidnapped and made the True Panchen Lama Gedun Choekyi Nyima forcibly disappear when he was just a child, which is a fact of which the False Panchen Lama Chökyi Gyalpo (Gyaltsen Norbu) is an accomplice.

Article 43 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Amnesty International has confirmed that 1/3 of the political prisoners in Tibet is composed by women and children.

Article 44 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which thousands of Tibetan nuns, such as Lama Wanchen, Lama Lobsang Choedong, Lama Ngawang Kyizom and Lama Tenzin Choekyi have been tortured, subjecting them to beatings, mistreatment, humiliation, coercion, deprivation of food and sleep, fake executions and inhuman treatment, in addition to the fact that many thousands of other women have been sexually abused and tortured, including cruelly penetrating their vaginas and anuses with electric batons, all of which have caused severe physical and psychological trauma, constituting aberrant violations of the Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women.

Article 45 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has arrested Tibetan Buddhist nuns for participating in peaceful protests, torturing them in prison to death, as happened with the cases of 20-year-old Phutsog Yangkyi, Gyaltsen Kalsang and 15-year-old Sherab Ngawang.

Article 46 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which forced abortions and 20 thousand sterilizations have been carried out on Tibetan women, which is part of a Chinese national policy of Gendercide or Genocide of women, since the communist dictatorship has carried out more than 400 million forced abortions throughout China, mostly on cases of female babies, in addition to the fact that thousands of times this dictatorial regime has murdered newborn babies who survive these surgical procedures, being a genocidal and diabolical policy of Infanticide never seen before in the history of humanity since it is much worse than the crimes of Nazism.

Article 47 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has carried out genocidal birth control, considering ethnic minorities as racially inferior and with high levels of mental retardation, reason why in 1988 it created a eugenic plan to improve the population quality, as documented by the Free Tibet organization.

Article 48 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has characterized the Tibetan People as subversive, medieval, primitive and disabled, dehumanizing them in order to justify the genocidal invasion as a means of supposedly developing Tibetan Buddhist society, all of which resembles Nazi ideas against Jews.

Article 49 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has turned Tibet into an immense concentration camp, since the Tibetan Buddhist People are not only subjected to arbitrary arrests, torture, sexual abuse and murders with total impunity, but they are even prohibited from leaving Tibet, also blocking humanitarian organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross from entering Tibet in order to investigate human rights violations, such as the systematic torture carried out inside prisons against Buddhist Lamas.

Article 50 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Physicians for Human Rights organization concluded that the Chinese dictatorship regularly uses torture as a means of intimidation, punishment and political repression, at the same time that the UN Committee against Torture concluded that the Chinese dictatorship systematically and widespreadly uses torture both in Tibet and the rest of China.

Article 51 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship implemented a brainwashing system called reeducation through forced labor (laojiao) with millions of concentration camps throughout the entire territory of China, being characterized by Manfred Nowak UN Reporter on Torture as a systematic form of inhuman treat and torture that seeks to break the will of detainees and alter their personality, integrity, dignity and humanity through intimidation, censorship and culture of fear, so in 2008 the UN Committee against Torture concluded that re-education through forced labor should be abolished immediately.

Article 52 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the genocidal system of brainwashing and reeducation through forced labor or slavery was developed as a method of collective punishment, subjecting detainees to starvation, lack of medical treatment and lack of contact with the outside world, which violates the Convention against Forced Labor, equating itself to the cruelty of the concentration camps of Nazism and the Soviet Union, this comparison being something perceptible in the events of 1959 in the concentration camp of the Drapchi Prison where the Chinese dictatorship detained 2000 Buddhist monks and killed 1400 through forced starvation.

Article 53 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in the various concentration camps of Jang Tsalakha thousands of prisoners were forced to work as slaves in mining and hydroelectric constructions, causing dozens of prisoners to die of hunger or torture every day, and that several bodies were cremated or thrown into the river daily.

Article 54 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship murdered hundreds of Golok Tibetans and threw their bodies into a large grave, forcing the relatives of the deceased to go celebrate and dance over this large mass grave, although later the genocidal Chinese army decided to massively murder those relatives in the same place, being a perverse episode that demonstrates the dark reason why between 1956 and 1963 the population of Golok was reduced by more than half.

Article 55 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which several experts in Genocide Studies have been silent about the tens of millions of deaths committed by the Chinese genocidal regime, which in fact carried out the worst genocide in the history of humanity despite the fact that the international academic field decides not to speak about this matter due to the giant political and economic power of China.

Article 56 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship sought the disappearance of the entire Tibetan Buddhist Civilization, violating the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by not recognizing the right to self-determination, the right to control over territories and natural resources, the right to prior consultation, the right to compensation for damages received, and the right to maintain and develop political, religious and educational institutions that the Tibetan Buddhist People have.

Article 57 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Permanent Tribunal of Peoples determined that according to UNESCO criteria the Tibetans meet the criteria of a People, and therefore they have the right to self-determination, although China decides not to respect it.

Article 58 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 1988 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe appealed to the Chinese dictatorship to promote a peace process in Tibet, respecting the human rights of the Tibetan people and their culture or civilization.

Article 59 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has declared to the UN that it already provides national minorities with the right to self-government and implementation of their own economic, social and cultural policies, maintaining their own language, educational system, cultural traditions and religious freedoms, all of which constitutes an act of profound Denial of human rights abuses both against the Tibetan people and against other ethnic minorities, because although the Chinese Constitution guarantees special rights to minorities this is not fulfilled in practice by the government authorities.

Article 60 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which China ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity that guarantees rights to indigenous communities as protectors of the biodiversity of their own territories, although the Chinese dictatorship has never fulfilled this duty and has ignored the deep spiritual connection of the Tibetan Buddhist people with their lands, mountains and lakes, many of which are considered sacred.

Article 61 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso acknowledged that his political approach failed, which is true taking into account that he should never have abandoned the search for Tibetan independence, because seeking the same status for Tibet that Hong Kong had was a mistake since recently China breached the signed treaty and destroyed Hong Kong’s autonomy and democracy 27 years before the ending of the agreement signed with the United Kingdom.

Article 62 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Tibet has been preserved itself as a Buddhist Nation and a de jure State under China’s illegal foreign occupation, as evidenced by the 1913 Declaration of Independence of Tibet together with a Treaty signed with Mongolia in the same year, and also the 1914 Simla Convention negotiated by British, Chinese and Tibetan representatives under which Tibet acquired legal autonomy as an independent nation and which was a treaty later inherited by India, in addition to the fact that in the year 821 a peace agreement had already been signed between Tibet and China where both mutually recognized each other as two sovereign and independent states.

Article 63 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Tibet should once again be an Independent State, just as it was before the genocidal invasion of China, since Tibet historically fulfilled all the requirements of International Law to be a State according to the 1933 Inter-American Convention on the Rights and Duties of the States, such as possessing a permanent population, a defined territory, a government and the capacity to enter into relations with other States.

Article 64 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the US Congress declared that according to the principles of International Law, Tibet is a country under occupation, whose genuine representative is the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan Government in Exile, which had already been recognized previously by ambassadors to the UN from countries such as the Philippines, Nicaragua, Thailand, Ireland and the USA.

Article 65 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which a resolution of the European Parliament reaffirmed that the invasion and occupation of Tibet by China is illegal.

Article 66 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 1951 a treaty was signed between Tibet and China and it was called the Seventeen Point Agreement according to which the Tibetan territory became part of the Chinese territory, although such a treaty is not legally binding not only because China breached most of the 17 clauses but also because the Tibetan representatives who signed the agreement were forced to do so under Chinese military threat.

Article 67 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has turned Tibet into a de facto colony of China, not allowing the Tibetan population to have access to self-determination, public health, education and work, which is clearly a discriminatory social system of Apartheid that has caused 60% of the Tibetan population being illiterate and poor, even imposing high monetary costs for Tibetan children who want to access state education while education is free for Chinese children, at the same time that public hospitals also impose high costs on Tibetans while for Chinese people the health is a free service.

Article 68 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has violated the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, which prohibits making distinctions or exclusions for cultural, ethnic or nationality reasons.

Article 69 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship suppressed the teaching of Tibetan culture and history in the curricular education of Tibetan schools, which was criticized in 1996 by the UN Committee on Racial Discrimination for not teaching minorities about their history and culture in school curricula, which is why the International Commission of Jurists concluded in 1997 that Tibetan children are being indoctrinated by China to regard their own culture, religion and language as inferior, even imposing a redefinition of Tibetan culture as non-Buddhist.

Article 70 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the rights of Tibetans were systematically and widespreadly violated, limiting their right to non-forced labor, their right to an adequate standard of living, their right to physical and mental health, their right to non-forced sterilization and non-forced abortion, their right to free education, their right to religious education, their right to full cultural life and their right to political and spiritual self-determination.

Article 71 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has transferred around 7 million Chinese people to areas traditionally occupied by Tibetans, which is a war crime according to the 1949 Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilians in Times of War, prohibiting an invading country from transferring part of its own civilian population inside the militarily occupied territories.

Article 72 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship illegally appropriated thousands of Tibetan properties and homes, carrying out large-scale demolitions in both urban and rural areas, which meant forcibly expelling thousands of people, such as the case of the displacement of 6 thousand Tibetans in 1993 for an industrial construction project in the north-west of the TAR.

Article 73 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has had the state policy of forcibly removing or displacing 2 million pastoralist nomadic Tibetans, which constitutes a case of Ethnocide and Cultural Genocide according to human rights organizations, since the ethnic distinction of this Tibetan group and their right to maintain their own language, religion, culture and lifestyle that is completely distinctive from China is being annulled.

Article 74 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has sought to eliminate the Tibetan language that is an irreplaceable fundamental part of the identity, culture and religion of this rich and historical Buddhist Civilization, even arbitrarily detaining teachers who teach this language, which has produced the condemnation of the European Parliament that defined these policies against the autonomy of ethnic minorities as violations of the Chinese Constitution.

Article 75 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has arbitrarily detained Kunchok Tsephel, creator of a Tibetan intellectual website, sentencing him to 15 years in prison for spreading State secrets, while also detaining other Tibetan intellectuals for simply using the language, such as the cases with Drogru Tsultrim, Jamyang Kyi, Dolma Kyab, Kunga Tsayang or Gangnyi and Tashi Rabten, some being arrested and tortured while others have been forcibly disappeared.

Article 76 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 1996 the German Parliament adopted a resolution condemning China for human rights abuses aimed at eradicating Tibetan cultural identity, including forced abortions, forced sterilizations, and political and religious persecutions.

Article 77 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which in 1991 the UN Commission on the prevention of discrimination and protection of minorities adopted the resolution in which it confirms that China carries out violations of the fundamental human rights of the Tibetan People, reason why it called China to respect the cultural, religious and national identity of Tibet.

Article 78 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Second World Parliamentarians’ Convention on Tibet has condemned the systematic human rights violations in Tibet, such as arbitrary detentions, torture of political prisoners, violations of women’s rights, forced abortions, and prohibition of religious freedom, declaring these violations as genocide.

Article 79– Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which President Jiang Zemin and Prime Minister Li Peng of China have been criminally prosecuted before Spanish courts for ordering acts of genocide, torture, crimes against humanity and State terrorism, which is evidenced in the huge records of arbitrary detentions, sexual abuse, forced disappearances, extrajudicial executions, forced sterilizations, forced abortions, infanticides and repression of Buddhist communities.

Article 80 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has shot at Buddhist Lamas fleeing from Tibet to Nepal, as was the case of the underage nun named Kelsang Namtso who was shot by the Chinese police while fleeing as a refugee along with other defenseless children and civilians, all of which was reported by China’s state news agency as an incident in which the police acted in self-defense.

Article 81 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Nepalese government has recently violated the civil and political rights of Tibetan refugees fleeing from Chinese state repression, as stated by the European Parliament, not recognizing their rights as refugees, deporting them massively and even shooting at them despite knowing perfectly that the Buddhist Lamas are refugees fleeing the genocide committed by the Chinese dictatorship, which constitutes a breach of international treaties signed by Nepal and would also be an act of betrayal of the historical position that Nepal maintained by recognizing Tibet as an independent state when it applied for UN membership.

Article 82 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the lack of profound criticism from the UN and the international community about the genocide that is occurring in Tibet has doing nothing but allowing it to continue to happen with total impunity for more than seven decades.

Article 83 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship gradually destroyed all levels of the ancient Buddhist Civilization, because during the 1950s the Tibetan People lost their territory with the communist invasion, during the 1960s the political power was lost with the displacement of the Dalai Lama and his replacement by the Chinese Communist Party, during the 1970s the culture was lost through the destructive Maoist Cultural Revolution, during the 1980s the economy was lost with systemic poverty levels, during the 1990s the environment was lost with pollution and the depredation of resources by the Chinese dictatorship, during the 2000s the bodily integrity was lost with cases of torture and self-sacrifices, and during the 2010s the international support was lost with the indifference of the United States and the European Union in the face of human rights violations in China.

Article 84 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship admitted to be carrying out a merciless repression against those who cause trouble in Tibet, which is clearly a direct reference to the Tibetan Buddhist Masters who dedicate their lives to the Liberation of all sentient beings.

Article 85 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Tibetan Buddhist leaders have committed to building a just, humanitarian and prosperous society that is guided by the Perennial Law (Dharma), seeking to turn Tibet into a sanctuary of peace, democracy, spirituality, environmental purity, freedom, equality, love, justice, Truth and Compassion, as expressed by Samdhong Rinpoche President of the Tibetan Parliament in Exile.

Article 86 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Dalai Lama promulgated the Constitution of Tibet in 1963 as an instrument that synthesizes the democratic principles with Tibetan Buddhism, recognizing the primacy of International Law, the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, all of which has been systematically violated by the Chinese dictatorship.

Article 87 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the European Parliament confirmed that China has violated the international treaties that is bound to comply, which is evidenced by mass executions, arbitrary detentions for political reasons, torture, restrictions on the Buddhist Lamas’ freedom of movement, the threat with the extinction of the spiritual and cultural heritage of Tibet through restrictions on the fundamental freedoms of expression, assembly and religion, and through discrimination against the Tibetan people for religious, political, educational, linguistic and cultural reasons.

Article 88 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has committed an ethnocide in Tibet, according to the international parameters established in the San José Declaration, since the Tibetan ethnic group has been denied their right to enjoy, develop and transmit their own cultural identity and language at the individual and collective level, grossly and massively violating their human rights.

Article 89 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has violated the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, since the Tibetan culture has not been preserved despite the fact of being common heritage of humanity.

Article 90 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has violated the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, as it has tried to destroy the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills, objects and cultural spaces that Tibetan communities, groups and individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage.

Article 91 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has violated the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, since the natural and cultural heritage of the Tibetan territory has not been identified, protected, conserved, presented and transmitted to the future generations.

Article 92 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has violated the Declaration on the Rights of Minorities, since the Tibetan ethnic minority and their right to enjoy their own culture, their right to practice their religion and privately and publicly use their own language have been discriminated against, by not respecting their right to participate effectively in the cultural, religious, social and economic life.

Article 93 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has violated the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, since it has not been respected the right of the Tibetan people to revitalize, use, develop and transmit to future generations their stories, language, oral traditions, philosophy, writing, literature, or place names.

Article 94 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has violated the Convention against Discrimination in Education, since the Tibetan group has been distinguished and excluded due to language issues, creating inequality in the educational field, in addition to being violated the right of the Tibetan minority to run their own schools and educational activities and also the right to teach in their own language.

Article 95 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has tried to exterminate the Tibetan people through genocidal acts such as population transfer, repression and political arrests, discriminatory practices, environmental destruction, violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms, eliminating Tibetan language and its history, torturing and extrajudicially executing dissidents, applying forced abortions and mass sterilizations, and even brutally campaigning against thousands of Buddhist Lamas through the illegal control over Buddhism.

Article 96 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has committed cultural genocide in Tibet according to the parameters of the outline of the UN Ad Hoc Committee on the Genocide Convention inspired by Lemkin’s vision, since deliberate acts have been committed with the intention of destroying the integrity, values, language, religion and culture of the Tibetan Buddhist Civilization, such as the acts of banning the Tibetan language in everyday life, in schools and in publications; the acts of destroying Tibetans’ bookstores, museums, schools, historical monuments, religious sites and objects; the acts of expropriation of territories and natural resources of the Tibetans; the acts of population transfer of Chinese people to Tibet; the acts of forced assimilation against Tibetans; the acts of propaganda promoting ethnic discrimination against Tibetans; and the acts that force Tibetans to renounce their culture, language or religion.

Article 97 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which Tibetan Buddhism has been controlled and repressed by the Chinese dictatorship through governmental institutions such as the Religious Affairs Bureau, the Chinese Buddhist Association, the Committee of Democratic Management, the Work Inspection’s Teams for political education and political studies, and China’s security services.

Article 98 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the European Parliament in its 2013 Resolution on US-China relations stated that the Chinese dictatorship recognizes the religions of Buddhism, Islam and Christianity as valid, controlling each one through an organization whose leaders are officials loyal to the Chinese Communist Party, as is the case with the Chinese Buddhist Association, at the same time that religious or spiritual groups such as the Falun Gong that are not approved or controlled by the government are then banned, persecuted and violently eradicated through arbitrary arrests, forced labor, torture and murder.

Article 99 – Buddhism recognizes the Tibetan Genocide during which the Chinese Buddhist Association controlled by the communist dictatorship has remained fully complicit and has actively participated in the human rights violations against the Tibetan Buddhist People, by supporting and never criticizing the thousands of arrests, torture and executions of Buddhist Lamas, plus it has also publicly supported the genocidal eradication of the Buddhist-Taoist Falun Gong community, all of which demonstrates its responsibility in the terrible crimes of Genocide and Crimes against humanity, since the main objective of the Chinese Buddhist Association is to reform Buddhism so that it is in accordance with the principles of the Chinese Communist Party, which is an atheistic, materialistic and genocidal regime.

PART II: FALUN GONG BUDDHIST GENOCIDE

Article 100 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has considered the Falun Gong spiritual community, that is dedicated to the peaceful practice and teaching of a Qigong form synthesized with Buddhist Wisdom, as enemies of the State, which seems to represent a threat to the insane Chinese genocidal power just because of the success of this spiritual discipline that in 1999 managed to have more than 70 million members according to official Chinese data, including teachers, doctors, judges, communist officials, police and military, all of whom were brutally persecuted because this number of practitioners outnumbered the 60 million members of the Chinese Communist Party.

Article 101 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship considered the Buddhist notions of Truth, Compassion and Humanitarianism of this spiritual community to be the transmission of dangerous ideas and a global anti-China conspiracy.

Article 102 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which in 1999 and 2000 the Chinese dictatorship not only threatened and spied on Falun Gong members and relatives, but even illegally arrested 150 to 450 leaders of this spiritual community, many of whom were detained just for selling books on this discipline, and others being sentenced to 18 or 20 years in prison because the Chinese dictatorship considers their beliefs as heretical, all of which represent a persecution similar to the Maoist Cultural Revolution.

Article 103 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has systematically murdered prisoners of conscience from the Falun Gong spiritual community, to whom since 1999 have been sought to exterminate, arbitrarily detaining them, murdering them and then selling their organs massively, all of which has been discovered by the courageous expert Ethan Gutmann and the prestigious jurists David Kilgour and David Matas from hundreds of interviews with witnesses, doctors, lawyers and refugees from China, even obtaining the confessions of transplant clinics that the organs for sale come from Falun Gong practitioners.

Article 104 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship in 2000 detained 1 million members of the Falun Gong spiritual community in concentration camps, prisons and psychiatric institutions in order to appropriate their property, enslave them, wash their brains, torture them, treat them cruelly and inhumanly, murder them and harvest their organs industrially, the latter producing an unprecedented increase in organ transplant activity in China from 2000 to 2005, which means the creation of a multi-billion dollar criminal business led by the Chinese Communist Party.

Article 105 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the bioethicist Wendy Rogers confirmed that the only possible explanation for the high number of emergency organ transplants achieved in a few hours would be the harvesting of prisoners of conscience, which adequately explains the enormous number of transplants performed by that country, such as the 4000 transplants performed annually by the Peking University Organ Transplant Institute or the 6000 transplants performed annually by the Oriental Organ Transplant Centre.

Article 106 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the genocidal dictator Jiang Zemin ordered the eradication of the Falun Gong spiritual community composed of 70 million people, after which its members were detained in concentration and extermination camps such as the Sujiatun camp, where those who do not renounce their beliefs and do not denounce the Falun Gong are extrajudicially executed and harvested for organ trafficking, then incinerating the bodies in order  to erase evidence of these genocidal crimes, as denounced by the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong.

Article 107 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which jurist Renwen of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences criticized and called for an end to the illegal organ trafficking of those executed.

Article 108 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which in 2005 China began to receive tourists in search of organ transplants, most of which came from murdering more than 41 thousand members of the Falun Gong spiritual community, just as confirmed by David Kilgour and David Matas, which is why this kind of tourism has been banned by countries such as Israel, Taiwan, Spain and Italy.

Article 109 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the European Parliament criticized the number of executions in China and its relationship with organ trafficking, demanding the abolition of the death penalty and the elimination of torture, requesting the cessation of human rights abuses against the Falun Gong and that the practitioners of this spiritual community be allowed to express their freedom of expression and conscience as established by the Chinese Constitution.

Article 110 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which, after a long time of Denialism, the Chinese dictatorship finally publicly confessed in 2006 that the extrajudicial executions of prisoners are its main source of organ transplants.

Article 111 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which between 1999 and 2006 the Chinese dictatorship arbitrarily detained hundreds of thousands of members of the Falun Gong spiritual community, torturing 44000 people and murdering about 3000 as reported by Falun Dafa Information Center, which violates the Chinese National Constitution and also the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Article 112 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship persecuted Falun Gong through unconstitutional measures against millions of people: creating the 610 Office as a secret command chain that operated outside the legal system, interfering in the implementation of justice with the interference of the Chinese Communist Party, distorting the laws, expanding the use of illegal kidnappings and arbitrary detentions along with police brutality and impunity, and by using the extrajudicial system of forced labor, brainwashing and torture.

Article 113 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the 610 Office created by dictator Jiang Zemin was a Chinese organization similar to the Nazi Gestapo, which is evident since they gave secret orders to eradicate the Falun Gong within a period of 3 months, by defaming their reputations and destroying them physically and financially, counting cases of torture deaths as suicides, and cremating bodies without checking their identity.

Article 114 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which in 2008 the Chinese dictatorship illegally murdered more than 65000 members of the Falun Gong spiritual community and later harvested their organs, which according to Ethan Gutmann constitute crimes against humanity which are very similar to the Final Solution of Nazism, being serious human rights abuses that the very UN Committee against Torture requested them to be investigated and punished.

Article 115 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which Argentine Justice Octavio de Lamadrid ordered the INTERPOL to arrest Chinese dictator Jiang Zemin as well as his security chief Luo Gan for having committed crimes against humanity, genocide and torture in the persecution and eradication of the Falun Gong spiritual movement, performing acts in total contempt for human life and dignity.

Article 116 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which between the years 2000-2016 the Chinese dictatorship carried out 1.5 million organ transplants, around 100 thousand annual transplants, 80% coming from Falun Gong prisoners of conscience, which according to David Matas allows one to conclude that the Chinese dictatorship has carried out a massive massacre of innocents.

Article 117 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the China Tribunal organization, led by Geoffrey Nice QC, former prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, concluded in 2019 that the communist dictatorship has harvested the organs of Falun Gong prisoners and it has murdered them in order to sustain its transplant market.

Article 118 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the US State Department confirmed that half of the 250000 official prisoners in concentration camps and forced labor in China belonged to Falun Gong members, while for the expert Ethan Gutmann the number of members who suffered arbitrary arrests was more than 1 million people, many of whom were forcibly disappeared, which constitutes one of the most terrible and unpunished cases of genocide in the history of humankind.

Article 119 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which in October 2005 the human rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng wrote to the Chinese Communist Party demanding an end to the persecution of the Falun Gong, to which the Chinese dictatorship closed his legal office and revoked his professional license, even causing his enforced disappearance in February 2009.

Article 120 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship detained Falun Gong practitioners’ lawyers, committing all kinds of abuses against these legal professionals: arbitrary arrests as happened in the cases of Zhang Kai, Li Chunfu, Wang Yonghang and Wei Liangyue; violent attacks as happened in the cases of Cheng Hai and Zhou Peng; blocking access to interviews with relatives, as happened in the cases of Wu Jiangtao and Li Renbing; denial of the right to a lawyer as happened in the cases of Jiang Tianyong and Tang Jitian; and persecution of lawyers linked to Falun Gong clients as happened in the cases of Xie Yanyi, Zhang Chengmao, Zhang Lihui, Sun Wenbing, Li Jinglin, Wang Yajun, Guo Shaofei.

Article 121 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which thousands of sham trials or illegal secret trials were carried out in which the Chinese dictatorship prohibited defense lawyers from being able to argue the innocence of their clients, which constitutes a violation of the fundamental principles of the International Law and also of the Chinese Constitution itself.

Article 122 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which thousands of people were sentenced to prison just for speaking out about the repression on Falun Gong or for transmitting information to the international press about these abuses.

Article 123 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the European Parliament condemned and required an immediate end to the arrests and torture of Falun Gong practitioners in concentration or re-education camps and also in psychiatric torture centers where their organs are removed, being sold because these meditation practitioners enjoy extraordinary levels of physical health and their organs are coveted by the entire Chinese transplant market.

Article 124 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship in 2000 turned 57 hospitals into psychiatric torture centers against members of Falun Gong, all this with the active and complicit participation of medical personnel as denounced by the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, being a terrifying number when considering that this happened only during the first year of the genocide, reason why by year 2011 the total of Chinese hospitals converted into torture centers rose about 2000 according to data from the Falun Gong Human Rights Working Group.

Article 125 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has covered up the genocidal atrocities committed against this spiritual community, falsely accusing the victims of committing suicide or dying from natural causes, preventing performing of autopsies and cremating the bodies, all of which was denounced by the US Congress.

Article 126 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has systematically abused female members of this spiritual community by abducting, raping, torturing them with sleep deprivation and electric batons, treating them inhumanly by depriving them of proper nutrition and hygiene, and even subjecting them to forced abortions.

Article 127 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has declared this spiritual community as an evil cult that violates the normal social order of China, even requesting the international capture of Master Li Hongzhi founder of Falun Gong, which was denied by INTERPOL.

Article 128 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which diplomats from the Chinese dictatorship have harassed the practitioners of this spiritual community who live in the USA, showing a persecution that extends internationally.

Article 129 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship implemented a propaganda system to broadcast fake news and manipulate public opinion against Falun Gong, as happened when the Bureau of Religious Affairs of the Chinese State Council said that the Falun Gong brainwashes its followers and that it has caused the death of 1400 practitioners and therefore it is a threat against social stability and against the Communist Party.

Article 130 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship destroyed and publicly burned more than 7 million books on this spiritual discipline, demonstrating medieval and anti-civilizational violence, even using millions of economic resources from Chinese official educative system in order to use them toward the persecution against Falun Gong, by teaching defamations and hate speech at all levels of education, this being done in the name of the fundamental ideology of the Communist Party and for the future of the Chinese Nation as clarified by the Minister of Education Chen Zhili.

Article 131 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which China’s schools and universities prohibited access to students who are members of the Falun Gong spiritual community, depriving them of their human right to education, which constitutes one of the worst institutional discrimination acts or Apartheid.

Article 132 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the practitioners of this spiritual community have used non-violent civil resistance and human rights activism, fighting the Chinese dictatorship by spreading the Truth about this Genocide.

Article 133 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has committed genocide and crimes against humanity as understood in articles 6 and 7 of the Rome Statute, since there has been systematically and widespreadly an attempt to totally destroy this spiritual community by means of murdering and exterminating members of the group; by means of the serious physical and mental damage to the members of the group with acts of torture and sexual abuse; by causing inhumane living conditions that produce the physical destruction of the group with acts of arbitrary detentions and slavery; and through the imposition of forced abortions and sterilizations within the group, which are violations of the Convention against Torture.

Article 134 – Buddhism recognizes the Falun Gong Genocide during which the genocidal 610 Office of the Chinese dictatorship classified Tibetan Buddhists, Falun Gong practitioners, Taiwanese and Islamic Uyghurs as poisons.

PART III: ISLAMIC UIGUR GENOCIDE

Article 135 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship carried out a genocidal invasion in Xinjiang very similar to that of Tibet, an independent state where the Buddhist community not only was sought to be annihilated but it was also sought to make the Tibetan Islamic community to disappear, since in 1969 all Islamic holy writings were destroyed, the mosque was closed and even the Islamic religious leader was beaten to death.

Article 136 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the European Parliament declared that the Chinese dictatorship will not be able to achieve peace in Tibet or in the Uyghur region of Xinjiang as long as it does not seek the well-being of the local indigenous peoples and while continuing with its forced assimilation, cultural destruction and police repression.

Article 137 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Uyghur population of the Xinjiang region has carried out massive protests seeking independence, which has caused the Chinese dictatorship to respond with genocide acts against Muslims.

Article 138 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which Chinese Communist Party official Chen Quanguo has participated in and led both the Buddhist Genocide in Tibet and the Islamic Genocide in Xinjiang.

Article 139 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship repeated the same genocidal patterns carried out in Tibet against the Uyghur people: invasion of East Turkistan (Xinjiang), violent repression of protests, arbitrary detentions, torture, forced disappearances and concentration camps, banning the language, burning the holy books and trying to eliminate all intellectuals and cultural leaders.

Article 140 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has attacked the Islamic population of the Xinjiang region with the excuse that it is fighting terrorism, which is a false reason as long as China maintains economic ties with the most terrorist Islamic State in the world that is the Republic of Iran, supporting them politically and even selling them weapons.

Article 141 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship tried to block the participation of activist Dolkun Isa in the UN Indigenous Forum under the false accusation that he is a terrorist just because he is a member of the Uyghur People.

Article 142 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship launched an anti-terrorist campaign of mass surveillance in Xinjiang by digital means, spying on and collecting information from the entire Uyghur society in order to eradicate any kind of civil dissent, which makes China the largest police State in the world.

Article 143 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which dictator Xi Jinping created the project to combat terrorism in the Xinjiang region, being influenced by the fight against terrorism launched by President Bush of the USA in 2001 and which caused a genocide against the peoples of Afghanistan and Iraq.

Article 144 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which secret documents of the Chinese dictatorship show that a war is being carried out in Xinjiang, characterized as a crushing and devastating offensive from which the arbitrary arrests of hundreds of thousands of Uyghur people were made, since certain behaviors are considered to be signs of being against China, such as having a passport, reading the Quran, viewing foreign websites, wearing a long beard, stop smoking, studying Arabic and praying outside of Islamic mosques.

Article 145 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorial regime has carried out a forced cultural assimilation of the Uyghur population along with the destruction of the mosques and Islamic shrines of Xinjiang, as the Xi Jinping regime is erasing all cultural vestige of Islam on Chinese soil, putting into practice the same degree of virality that the Cultural Revolution of Mao Zedong had, despite the fact that the Chinese dictatorship denies to be destroying the cultural heritage of the Uyghur People.

Article 146 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which Mr. Wang, the same official who led the beginning of the genocide and who called for the complete annihilation of Islamic terrorists by destroying them from the root, was sanctioned by the Chinese dictatorship and later arrested for not having been aggressive enough in his task because he declared that there is nothing wrong with having the Qur’an in one’s home and he even encouraged Communist Party leaders to read it in order to better understand the Uyghurs, in addition to also ordering the release of 7000 prisoners from concentration camps, an act that led to his expulsion, detention and prosecution.

Article 147 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the expert Adrian Zenz confirmed that documents from the Chinese dictatorship prove to be carrying out a plan of cultural genocide against the Uyghur people that is very similar to a medieval witch hunt that is being executed with administrative perfection and iron discipline, since in fact, reports from the Chinese Minister of Justice in Xinjiang tell that the government’s goal is to wash brains, cleanse hearts, support what is correct and remove what is incorrect.

Article 148 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which thousands of Muslim religious leaders or imams were classified as extremists and then sent to concentration camps only for not being registered with the Chinese dictatorship, and also for other delusional reasons such as traveling to other countries or asking people to pray.

Article 149 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has outlawed Islam in Xinjiang, banning its practice, destroying mosques and holy monuments, and even stating that if people study the Quran in their own homes they are committing a crime.

Article 150 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the dictator Xi Jinping stated that no mercy should be shown toward the Uyghurs since religious extremism is deep-rooted throughout Uyghur society, being a virus that requires painful treatment because the people captured by Religious extremism destroy their conscience and lose their humanity, all of which is a very similar position to those demonstrations carried out by all dictators before unleashing genocide against defenseless populations.

Article 151 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has described Islam as a malignant tumor or virus that must be eradicated from the minds of the Uyghur people in order to avoid criminality, which constitutes China’s official justification for genocide.

Article 152 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which secret state documents reveal that the genocide against the Uyghur people is carried out because the Chinese dictatorship is afraid of religious infection and Uyghur population growth, which obviously shows that the Chinese fight against terrorism is a lie.

Article 153 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which in the Xinjiang region the Chinese dictatorship has illegally detained more than 1 million members of the Uyghur People according to reports from the UN, the USA and Germany, confining them in concentration camps where they are forcibly indoctrinated into communist ideology so that they leave Islam and their Uyghur culture or lifestyle.

Article 154 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the World Uyghur Congress confirmed that the millions of Uyghurs detained in concentration camps are being held indefinitely without legal charges and without access to a lawyer, all of which is a massive violation of human rights, being detained as potential threats for incredible reasons such as having a beard, having many children, wearing a veil, visiting the Middle East, having a passport and not traveling, having strong religious traditions, having illegal religious books, preaching or attending a spiritual teaching, using WhatsApp, hoard food at home, suddenly quitting smoking and drinking, or having maps and telescopes.

Article 155 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship threatened all Beijing human rights law firms in order not to advise on legal cases about the Xinjiang Uyghur region.

Article 156 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the data from local Xinjiang officials shows that 1 million Uyghurs were sent to concentration camps, while data from international organizations suggest more than 1.8 million people and also the US State Department confirmed that there would be 3 million people detained out of a population of 10 million, which is equivalent to 30% of citizens under extrajudicial arrest.

Article 157 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the UK government declared that the extrajudicial detentions of more than 1 million Uyghur Muslims are human rights abuses, thus calling for an end to these indiscriminate and disproportionate restrictions on cultural freedoms and religious leaders of Uyghur Muslims and other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang, in addition to calling on the UN Human Rights Council to take action against China for the torture, forced labor and sterilization of women that are taking place on an industrial scale in Xinjiang.

Article 158 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the government of Australia described the arbitrary detentions of Uyghur people and other Muslim groups as deeply disturbing, calling for an end to this illegal behavior.

Article 159 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination confirmed that the Chinese dictatorship turned Xinjiang into a large concentration camp, requesting then the release of all Uyghur people massively arrested under the pretext of the fight against terrorism and separatism.

Article 160 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship extrajudicially executed thousands of Uyghur people on charges of separatism.

Article 161 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has arbitrarily detained thousands of Uyghur people in concentration camps, torturing them even though they were not Chinese citizens but had citizenship in other countries.

Article 162 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has pressured other countries to deport Uyghur people living abroad, as happened with the cases of Egypt, Thailand, Malaysia, Afghanistan, Cambodia and India, which is a violation of International Law on refugees, since the tyrannical regime of Xi Jinping not only wants to confine Uyghur people in China but also forcing Uyghurs around the world to live in concentration camps.

Article 163 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which more than 23 countries made a joint official statement to criticize the illegal detention centers in Xinjiang.

Article 164 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Australian Strategic Policy Institute revealed satellite photos showing that the Chinese dictatorship built more than 380 concentration camps in Xinjiang, where more than 1 million Uyghur Muslims are confined despite the fact that the Chinese dictatorship has said that it has already dismantled all the confinement camps and it only has professional training centers, which is a lie because actually in 2019 and 2020 new maximum-security concentration camps continued to be built.

Article 165 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has denied the existence of concentration camps, although China’s secret government documents clearly demonstrate their existence and their genocidal purpose.

Article 166 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the US government denounced that possibly millions of Uyghur Muslims suffer arbitrary detentions in re-education camps where they suffer severe political indoctrination and horrendous abuses by the Chinese dictatorship, annihilating all their religious beliefs, as these places are not vocational training centers but rather concentration and torture camps, which is why millions of Uyghurs are brought to these places handcuffed, shaved and blindfolded.

Article 167 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has carried out thousands of arbitrary arrests of the main academics, intellectuals, artists and cultural leaders of this ancient community, even causing the forced disappearance of hundreds of them, since what it is seeking is to extinguish the entire Uyghur culture.

Article 168 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has tried to reduce the population growth of the Uyghur ethnic group and eliminate their entire culture, which is an extermination that occurs in the name of the eradication of poverty and terrorism.

Article 169 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which official documents of the Chinese dictatorship show that the systematic plan of extermination of Muslim identity and Uyghur culture has resulted in 10000 Uyghur orphan children in Yarkand County alone, and therefore due to arbitrary arrests of more than 1 million Uyghurs in concentration camps probably the number of orphaned children would be 250 thousand.

Article 170 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which secret documents of the Chinese dictatorship show that the children of the Uyghur people detained and disappeared in concentration camps were threatened, coercing them to support these measures and thus supposedly shortening the detention of their parents, ordering them to remain silent and to thank the help of the Chinese Communist Party, even stating that the detainees had been exposed to the virus of religious extremism and that their thoughts had been infected so they were now being quarantined to be cured.

Article 171 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which Sayragul Sauytbay, a Uyghur member of the Chinese Communist Party, affirmed that detention centers are concentration camps more terrifying than prisons, because there are rapes, brainwashing and torture.

Article 172 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which Mandarin teachers who teach the language to Uyghurs in concentration camps confirmed that detainees who do not respond in Chinese language are violently tortured or inhumanly treated, beating them and depriving them of food.

Article 173 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Uyghur concentration camps of the Chinese dictatorship have violated human rights protected by both the Chinese Constitution and International Treaties, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that protects the right to freedom and non-arbitrary detention, the right to free thought and expression, and the right to freedom of movement; the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination that protects the right to non-discrimination on ethnic grounds; the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that protects the right to religious freedom and spiritual practice or the right to privacy; the United Nations Convention against Torture, which protects the right to bodily integrity and humane treatment; and the Convention on the Rights of the Child that protects the rights of children to be raised by their parents or relatives.

Article 174 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which several international experts have affirmed that the concentration camps with more than 1 million Uyghurs constitute the largest system of violation of human rights of the 21st century, subjecting all these people to torture and brainwashing in order to eradicate their religious identity and erase their culture from the face of the world.

Article 175 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which more than 80000 Uyghurs freed from concentration camps have been used for forced labor or slave work force.

Article 176 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which USA has sanctioned officials like Chen Quanguo of the Chinese Communist Party for the horrible systematic abuses of human rights carried out against the Uyghur ethnic group, such as arbitrary arrest, forced labor, indoctrination, torture, harassment and intrusive surveillance seeking to eradicate the ethnic identity and religious beliefs of the Uyghurs.

Article 177 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Center for Global Policy confirmed that the Chinese dictatorship subdues more than 570 thousand Uyghur Muslims who practically do not charge for their full-time work to slavery or forced labor, carrying out this Chinese scheme of coercive social reengineering on the basis of arbitrary detentions, torture, sterilizations, forced abortions and brainwashing to leave Islam, being a slave criminal re-education that is happening in 85% of the Chinese cotton harvesting market and that corresponds to 20% of the global market of this product.

Article 178 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the cowardly dictatorial Chinese regime has carried out thousands of sexual abuse and genital torture on defenseless Uyghur women confined in concentration camps.

Article 179 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorial regime has set a huge concentration camp in Xinjiang where it has illegally detained and imprisoned hundreds of thousands of people of the Uyghur ethnic group, even carrying out hundreds of thousands of forced sterilizations and abortions, which according to the expert Joanne Finley it constitutes a slow and painful genocide that is masked for demographic reasons, being a brutal birth control and a genocidal measure against the Muslims of Xinjiang since it prevents births within this ethnic and religious group.

Article 180 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has systematically carried out hundreds of thousands of arrests of Uyghur women for the purpose of forcibly aborting their babies and then sterilizing them, which constitutes ethnic cleansing, crimes against humanity and genocide, causing that between 2015 and 2018 the birth rate in Uyghur regions has fallen more than 60%.

Article 181 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which Governor Tathagata Roy of Meghalaya (India) affirmed that the totalitarianism of Communist China has all the characteristics of the Nazi Germany, which is why the brutal repression against Uyghurs and Falun Gong practitioners is very similar to the Nazi persecution against Jews, gypsies and gays, which obviously means that the dictator Xi Jinping is the Hitler of the 21st century while Chen Quanguo is his Eichmann.

Article 182 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which Shohrat Zakir, who is the one who revealed the secret Chinese government documents about the Uyghur concentration camps, confirmed that this genocide is a repetition of the Jewish Holocaust.

Article 183 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which Uyghur people of the East Turkistan Government in Exile denounced dictator Xi Jinping of China before the International Criminal Court (ICC) for the crime of genocide and crimes against humanity, since China has persecuted Uyghurs in Cambodia and Tajikistan, which are ICC member countries, that is why the international court has jurisdiction to judge China.

Article 184 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the U.S. government formally accused the Chinese dictatorship of committing genocide and crimes against humanity against the Muslim Uyghurs, this being the first time a government has adequately described the actions of the Chinese dictatorship and its concentration camps as genocidal, which is characterized by the U.S. as an offense against the civilized nations of the world and calls on China to immediately release all arbitrarily arrested persons and to put an end to its system of concentration camps and forced labor.

Article 185 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship not only illegally detained and sentenced to prison Islamic Uyghur leaders but also Christian Uyghur leaders, as was the case with Alimujiang Yimiti sentenced to 15 years in prison on the fictitious charges of divulging state secrets, for which the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention declared the case as an arbitrary arrest.

Article 186 – Buddhism recognizes the Uyghur Genocide during which in 2020 the Catholic News Agency has affirmed that the moral authority of Catholicism is its greatest capital although it is being spent in silence in the face of China’s human rights violations, such as the unpunished Uyghur Genocide characterized by mass atrocities, persecutions, millions of arbitrary detentions in concentration camps, famine, torture, murder, sexual violence and slavery, a silence that is due to the fact that the Vatican has a political agreement with China, maintaining complicity by omission before the Uyghur Genocide and also silence before the arrests and forced disappearances of Catholic leaders who do not accept the Chinese dictatorial control over their beliefs and that also constitute a sort of Christian Genocide.

PART IV: CATHOLIC CHRISTIAN GENOCIDE

Article 187 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship of Mao Zedong carried out a Cultural Revolution that closed or destroyed almost all Christian churches, especially those of Orthodox Christianity, whose leaders were persecuted and killed.

Article 188 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship broke ties with the Vatican in 1957 and then created the Patriotic Association of Chinese Catholics which is a pro-government Christian church totally controlled by the genocidal communist regime.

Article 189 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the atheistic and materialistic Chinese dictatorship determined that it has the power to control how true religious doctrines must be; the power to appoint Christian bishops or religious leaders; the power to persecute all those it considers as parts of a Christian heterodoxy; the power to prohibit Christian churches from speaking about the Second Coming of Christ and the Holy Spirit; the power to prohibit religions from criticizing abortion; the power to prohibit ties with the Vatican or the Pope; and the power to arrest and torture religious believers and practitioners for the content of their beliefs.

Article 190 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has spied and infiltrated secret agents inside Christian groups categorized by the government as cults and also inside independent Catholic communities, arresting and enslaving their leaders, banning these Christian groups and declaring them heretical, just like the cases of Dongfang Shandian (Oriental Lightning) and Lingling Jiao (Spirit church), all of which began since 1999 under the genocidal leadership of President Jiang Zemin whose campaign of persecution began with a speech in which he stated that China must suppress the cults.

Article 191 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the Chinese dictatorship has sought the complete demolition of the evangelical organization South China Church, kidnapping and torturing many of its members, even arresting its founding leader Pastor Gong Shengliang and sentencing him to death, a sentence later overturned and reduced to life imprisonment due to international pressure in the face of this outrageous religious persecution.

Article 192 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which Pope John Paul II in 2000 canonized 87 Chinese Catholic martyrs and 33 foreign missionaries who were killed in China between 1648 and 1930 for being an example of courage and consistency for all Christians, this caused the Chinese dictatorship to consider the canonization as a provocation and even to insult these martyrs as imperialists, rapists, looters, opium sellers and guilty of unforgivable crimes, among whom was the 14 year old Ana Wang beheaded for not renouncing her Christian faith.

Article 193 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the fake bishop Fu Tieshan, leader of the pro-government Chinese Patriotic Church that is controlled by the Communist Party, claimed that the canonization of the 120 martyrs was an intolerable ceremony.

Article 194 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the Vatican denounced the arbitrary detention of 18 bishops and 19 Catholic priests in China, such as Monsignor Filippo Pietro Zhao Zhendong, Monsignor Giacomo Lin Xili, Priest Tommaso Zhao Kexiun, Bishop Pietro Feng Xinmado, Bishop Giuseppe Li Liangui, Bishop Chen Xilu and Bishop Julius Jia Zhiguo, the latter detained for 20 years, kidnapped them in concentration camps and subjected them to brainwashing so that they would be forcibly converted to the Chinese Patriotic Church, all of which has been criticized by the European Parliament, calling for the release of all the Christians detained.

Article 195 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which dozens of Christian priests have been arbitrarily detained on charges of evangelizing, participating in an ordination Mass, anointing a dying person and attending a spiritual retreat, including priests among whom Wang Dingshan, Li Qiang, Liu Wenyuan, Zhang Qingcai, Li Suchuan, Pei Zhenping and Yin Zhengsong can be found.

Article 196 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which there have been 6 cases of Catholic bishops illegally arrested and then forcibly disappeared, such as Monsignor Shi Enxiang and Monsignor Su Zhimin, which obviously constitutes a crime against humanity and an act of genocide, being a terrible act of inhumanity and violation of human rights to which the international community should not show complicit silence.

Article 197 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which many Catholic bishops have died cruelly in Chinese prisons, such as Monsignor Giuseppe Fan Xueyan, Monsignor Giovanni Han Dingxiang and Monsignor Gao Kexian.

Article 198 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the Chinese Communist Party has positioned itself as the de facto Pope of the Catholics in China, forcibly exercising the role of the highest religious authority of the Catholic Church in that country.

Article 199 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which in 2010 Pope Benedict XVI harshly criticized China for its discrimination and persecution of Catholics who have limitations on their freedom of religion and conscience.

Article 200 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the Vatican led by Pope Benedict XVI stated that China’s repressive attitude against the exercise of religious freedom, by interfering in the internal life of the Catholic Church, is not a demonstration of strength but rather a sign of weakness and fear.

Article 201 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which in the year 2013 the Chinese dictatorship removed the crosses of 1500 Christian churches both Catholic and Protestant, despite which a few months later Pope Francis expressed his admiration for China, showing absolute indifference for the hundreds of Catholic priests persecuted, kidnapped or arbitrarily detained, tortured, disappeared or killed by the Chinese dictatorship, including bishops who suffered slavery and brainwashing as was the case of Thaddeus Ma Deqin.

Article 202 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which in 2018 the Chinese dictatorship not only made it illegal for juveniles under 18 to enter Catholic churches, but even ridiculously ordered government-controlled Protestant Christian churches to replace the Ten Commandments of the Prophet Moses with a list of sayings from President Xi Jinping.

Article 203 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which the genocidal Bishop John Fang Xingyao, leader of the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Church, who recently was validated by Pope Francis, asserted that Catholics must have loyalty to the Chinese State over the Christian faith, even claiming that Chinese State Law is above Christian Canon Law.

Article 204 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which in 2018 the Vatican has signed a secret agreement with the Chinese dictatorship in order to accept this genocidal government to make the designation of Catholic bishops, which is complicit silence and an implicit endorsement by Pope Francis to the Chinese repression against all religions, while allowing the Chinese dictatorship to de facto control on the highest offices of Christianity, this being a betrayal against millions of Chinese Catholics who have resisted for decades against a regime that sought to exterminate them, which is why His Eminence Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun stated that this agreement between the Vatican and China is the assassination of the Catholic Church at the hands of those who should protect and defend it from its enemies.

Article 205 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun accused the Vatican of selling out Chinese Catholics to the Communist regime, since Pope Francis called for the elimination of the underground Chinese Catholic Church which is independent of the Communist Party, and also he required the resignation of the independent Catholic bishops so that the seven illegitimate and excommunicated bishops who are controlled by the totalitarian regime in China can take their place, which is contrary to the pastoral freedom and demands obedience to the Communist Party above the Pope and even above Christ.

Article 206 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun declared that the agreement between the Vatican and China shows that Pope Francis has little respect for his predecessors John Paul II and Benedict XVI, who did not accept to be accomplices of the Chinese genocidal regime, as Pope Francis has legitimized the schismatic Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association which is submissive and complicit in violations against fundamental religious freedom, such as the Chinese destruction of churches and the burning of Bibles denounced by the US government, which is something blatantly evil, immoral and even a justification for apostasy.

Article 207 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun criticized the silence of Pope Francis in the face of China’s abuses of power and human rights violations in Hong Kong, which is a very serious situation for Chinese Catholic Christians, also criticizing the Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Pietro Parolin for not being a man of Christian faith and for despising the heroes of the faith by ending up an operation to sell the Catholic Church to a totalitarian regime that never negotiates but wants you on your knees.

Article 208 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, former Apostolic Nuncio to the United States of America, supported Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, defining the agreement with China as treasonous, characterizing Cardinal Parolin as the executor of an evil superior order, describing the Vatican as a system of lies and perverse deception that has complicit silence of the persecuting and bloodthirsty enemy, and revealing that the highest hierarchical levels of the Catholic Church surrendered to heresy and apostasy to follow the infernal Prince.

Article 209 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which Archbishop Sorondo, who is Pope Francis‘ right-hand and director of the Vatican’s Pontifical Academy for Sciences, stated that the State of China is extraordinary and it is the best in implementing the social doctrine of the Catholic Church, stating such an affirmation despite the massacres and multiple genocides carried out by the Chinese dictatorship along with its human rights violations that include carrying out of 400 million forced abortions, so Archbishop Sorondo’s statements have been criticized by Reggie Littlejohn President of Women’s Rights Without Frontiers who recalled that Catholic social teaching respects the life and dignity of the human person, which is violated by China with its 400 million cases of forced abortions, its millions of cases of forced sterilizations and its millions of cases of gendercide that are the death of millions of babies just for the fact of being women.

Article 210 – Buddhism recognizes the Catholic Genocide during which Pope Francis has refused to receive the Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso for the reason of not angering the Chinese dictatorship, which constitutes a discriminatory act totally contrary to the spirit of interreligious dialogue signed by the Second Vatican Council, in addition to maintaining an accomplice silence of the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide carried out by the Chinese dictatorship.

FINAL PART: CONCLUSIONS

Article 211 – The Universal Declaration on the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide concludes that the genocidal pattern carried out in Tibet against Buddhists was also repeated against other groups, such as the Falun Gong Community, the Uyghur Islamic People and the Catholic Christians, although for different reasons: in the case of the Tibetan Genocide the reason was communist anti-religiosity whose materialistic atheism is contrary to Buddhist Spirituality; in the case of the Falun Gong Genocide the reason was the lack of democracy of the communist dictatorship that was outnumbered by Falun Gong practitioners; in the case of the Uyghur Genocide the reason was a monocultural and anti-Islamic ethnic policy; and in the case of the Catholic Genocide the reason was the opposition to interference in Chinese society by Western leaders of the Vatican.

Article 212 – The Universal Declaration on the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide concludes that in the four genocides previously analyzed the Chinese dictatorship has followed step by step a genocidal manual composed of the following common patterns: kidnapping and murder of spiritual leaders, destruction of statues and sacred books, destruction or closure of monasteries, surveillance, mass arrests of practitioners, concentration camps, torture, sexual abuse, forced abortions and mass sterilizations, brainwashing, forced labor, forced disappearances, extermination, cremation of bodies, burning of evidence, and organ transplants.

Article 213 – The Universal Declaration on the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide creates the organization called “Confederation of Tibetan Buddhist Civilization”, which shall have the Purpose of putting an end to the Tibetan Buddhist Genocide by disseminating this declaration, promoting the Liberation or Autonomy of Tibet, and simultaneously spreading the spiritual cultural legacy of the Tibetan Buddhist People.

Written by H.E. Dzogchen Master Maitreya Samyaksambuddha, Tibetan Civilization Expert and Genocide Scholar

22  February 2021

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