Evidences of Surabaya Case

Case 06/2015:

Surabaya Zoo, Indonesia



P R E S E N T.–


In the presence of the President and Spiritual Guide of IBEC-BTHR, Buddhist Master Maitreya and the Executive Secretary of IBEC-BTHR, Master Yan Maitri-Shi, it is addressed the case reported by the International Association of Maitriyana (IAM) against the SURABAYA ZOO regarding the Crimes of MISTREATMENT, TORTURE AND ANIMAL NEGLECT and Others, being a clear and grievous violation and disrespect for the animal life secluded at this Zoo, both on charge of the Directors and / or Managers, Employees of the place and Visitors.-


I, Sekkha Dhamma, as Prosecutor of the IBEC and BTHR, recognize the hard and organized work that was performed for the wide evidence gathering in this case, similarly, I appreciate the contribution of them for the analysis concerning the party I represent. That said, with all due respect I appear to expound:

Received the list of digital media which were collected, ordered and at the same time confirmed in their order and context as Evidences by the Executive Secretary of IBEC and BTHR Master Yan Maitri-Shi, I give start of the Third Stage of the Procedure called “EVALUATION OF EVIDENCE” which is established in the Constitutive Act of IBEC and BTHR in order to know, establish, dictate and determine the Responsibility for committing the Crimes of MISTREATMENT, TORTURE, ANIMAL NEGLECT and Others that SURABAYA ZOO, its directors and / or managers and their employees are found responsible, thereby proceeding in the Violation of the Rights of Animals that are secluded and confined there in deplorable places, which report appalling conditions and where animals,  besides being deprived of their freedom, lack of balanced diet and quality assurance in their food, of an adequate, decent place in accordance with their species and needs, by suffering depression, severe illness and advanced pathological physical state because of negligence, lack of care, lack of knowledge in dealing with the various species and lack of specialized and permanent veterinary care. This Accusation was made by the INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MAITRIYANA (IAM) in the field of Buddhist Ethics, an act that follows below:



FIRST EVALUATION.- By being the core of this procedural instance, it is necessary to note the Means of Proof offered by the Executive Secretary of IBEC-BTHR Master Yan Maitri-Shi, and formally present them to the Jury for their knowledge, that are composed of 16 evidence that proves the motivating Accusation of the current process, entitled with a wide range of Crimes committed against the animals of Surabaya zoo. The above is reported from the field of Buddhist Ethics. This evidence comes from digital audiovisual media in the public domain (mass media), same ones that are listed below:



Trevor B., from Australia: “The mistreatment of the animals started to attract widespread condemnation in 2010. In that year, the Jakarta Post labelled KBS as the Surabaya Zoo of Death.” (…) “When the zoo relocated several hippopotami, the animals were physically beaten and injured during the process.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[Photos (Image 1 and 2 of Photographic Evidence) of an elephant whose legs are deeply cut because of what the Zoo uses as a sort of ankle bracelet to deprive it of mobility]( http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_3.htm ); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_4.htm )

SYBELLE FOXCROFT, Conservationist of Cee4Life, said about Melani, a Sumatran Tiger with her organs so damaged that she is unable to absorb requisite nutrients from her food and can’t maintain necessary condition: “She’s a creature that’s been neglected and abused inside a zoo that is deemed to care for her. To see an animal struggle through this sort of thing you know she wants to live. It’s her will that’s keeping her alive.”]( http://www.abc.net.au/foreign/content/2013/s3894606.htm )



Tony Sumampau, the head of the Indonesian Zoological Parks Association and now a consultant to the zoo said: “The holding facilities were shocking, wet all the time. Most of the animals … died because they got pneumonia, lung disease, TB, or from digestion problems because of the food supply.” (http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald: “Last month, Rezak, another Sumatran tiger, died. He was old but also had lung disease contracted in a tiny, permanently damp, cage.” (http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )



Trevor B., from Sydney, Australia said: “The zoo does not have the cashflow needed to feed, house and breed the animals in it’s care. Entry is less than US$2.00 per person. It does not generate enough. Subsequently, the animals are maltreated and underfed.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[Photo (Image 8 of Photographic Evidence) of an animal, appears to be a dromedary, which is in an advanced state of malnutrition and leanness.] ( http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_8.htm )

ERIN SKARDA, from TIME: “According to a recent article by Trisnadi Marjan of the Associated Press, approximately 15 animals at the zoo die every month — a figure that has actually decreased from two years ago — suffering from preventable diseases, hunger, lack of exercise and overcrowding.” (http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/03/15/the-disturbing-state-of-indonesias-zoo-of-death/ )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald said: “The zoo’s entrance fee was just 4500 rupiah (48¢) per person, but even from that paltry income, the former owners took a profit.” (…) “Singleton, the director of the Sumatran Orang-utan Conservation Program and a former zookeeper at the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, says Indonesia’s 40 zoos are still highly unregulated and simply milking the small entrance fees. All but a handful fail to meet international standards, he says.”(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )



Trevor B., from Australia said: “Tigers are kept locked in small concrete cells because they do not have enough room to exercise. They are allowed out of their damp cells for only 3 days for every 10 they are locked up.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[Photo (Images 2, 3 and 4 of Photographic Evidence) of an elephant that is chained in both  their back and front legs, not allowing the possibility of any movement.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258.htm ); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_2.htm ); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_4.htm )

[Photos (Images 9 and 10 of Photographic Evidence) of a bengal tiger enclosed in a totally limited space.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_9.htm ); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_10.htm )

[Photo (Image 15 of Photographic Evidence) of a hippo in a reduced space.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_18.htm )

Agus Supangkat, a spokesman for the zoo’s old management team, said: “This zoo is very old and its cages outdated, (…) They are like prison cells, putting stress especially on the big mammals.”( http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/unleashed/2010/08/zoo-official-issues-dire-warning-about-the-treatment-of-animals-at-indonesias-surabaya-zoo.html )



[Photo of pelicans (Image 11 of Photographic Evidence), which do not have necessary space in order to unfold their wings due to lack of space.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_11.htm )

[Photo (Image 16 of the Photographic Evidence) of birds which seem to be herons in a little spacious cage.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_19.htm )

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC news, said: “(…) pelicans and herons are crammed into an aviary measuring about 180 sq m (1,940 sq ft). (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531)

[In the following photo (Image 19 of Photographic Evidence) can be appreciated the little space that pelicans have in their cage.](http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166436 )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “The cages, some built in the 1920s, were tiny and fraying, the animals so in-bred that deer had antlers growing out the front of their heads. The pelican cage is seriously over-crowded now, even after 70 birds were given to other zoos. Endangered Komodo dragons grew up with kinks in their bodies from inadequate space and sunlight.”(http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )



[The following photo (Image 7 of Photographic Evidence) shows a tiger confined in a cage of a few square metres, which is totally devoid of hygiene and is unhealthy for the animal. In addition, the tiger shows obvious signs of malnutrition.]( https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[In the following photo (Image 22 of Photographic Evidence) it can be seen dirt and rubbish left by visitors, which is a serious hazard to animals.]( http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166438 )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “When we visit the zoo, we see proboscis monkeys, in-bred and overpopulated, roaming freely in public areas and scavenging for food among the spillage from garbage bins. Barbary sheep chew on plastic bags. Monkeys argue over an ice-cream wrapper that blows into their enclosure. More rubbish floats by in their moat. (…) These conditions, though, are a vast improvement on what the animals endured three years ago.”( http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )



Trevor B., from Sydney, Australia said: “Some animals have chronic long term back and leg complaints because they cannot exercise.  Many have wasting digestive diseases from eating tainted meat.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

[In this photograph (Image 18 of the photographic evidence) it can be seen a white Bengal tiger in the quarantine zone Zoo, which suffers from spinal problems and is missing an ear. They can also be seen the bad conditions and narrowness of space.] (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166435 )

[In the following photograph (Image 20 of photographic evidence) it can be seen a bear suffering from a tumor in the skin, which is in the quarantine section of the zoo. They can also be seen the deplorable conditions where it lies.]( http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166434 )

[In this image (Image 21 of the photographic evidence) it can be seen a female elephant that suffers inflammation in its joints.]( http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166440 )

Indra Harsaputra, from The Jakarta Post, said: “A Sumatran tiger at Surabaya Zoo in Surabaya, East Java, died on early Thursday after suffering digestive and respiratory problems for two years (…)Internal conflict has plagued Surabaya Zoo since 1998 and peaked in 2007, when a number of animals died allegedly due to poor treatment. (…) On Sept.8, 2012, Santi, a white tiger, died due to paralysis. (…) Data show that almost 250 animals at Surabaya Zoo died in 2011, including a mountain goat that suffered digestive problems. An autopsy found plastic bags in its stomach. The zoo’s veterinary team also found 25 stones in the stomach of a dead crocodile. (…) From June to August 2010, 20 animals died at the zoo, including a Sumatran tiger and 13 baby komodo dragons. (…) Most of the animals died from pneumonia, dehydration caused by diarrhea and malnutrition, while other problems included a dirty and poor environment and lack of nutritious food.” (http://m.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/04/04/yet-another-surabaya-zoo-animal-dies.html )



Trevor B., from Australia said: “We call on the honourable President, Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, to mandate the following 5 actions immediately: 1) Close Surabaya zoo permanently and dismiss the management.  Hire reputable, qualified staff to engage in the immediate care of the animals.  2) Increase funding and security to ensure all animals receive the proper diet, and medical attention necessary.3) For any animal where rehabilitation is feasible to the point where the animal could survive in the wild, rehabilitation must take place under the direction of qualified experts, so that they can be released back into the wild.4) Any animals with incurable, degenerative conditions, and that are in significant pain must be humanely euthanized based on the recommendation of veterinary experts.5) Commission an enquiry with the view to identify the causes of the conditions and the zoo, and the prosecution of those responsible for the state of the animals. Please act – the world is watching.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo )

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC news, said: “The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (Waza), a group that includes 300 leading zoos and aquariums as its members, deems the animal welfare conditions in Surabaya so appalling that its leader has written two letters to Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in the past two months. In one of the letters, Waza Executive Director Gerald Dick said the situation in Surabaya was becoming more than a single zoo issue.”(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )



Trevor B., from Sydney, Australia, said: “East Java Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) conducted an investigation, which found that negligent keepers were to blame for most of the animal deaths. It is alleged that zookeepers are stealing meat which they sell to the black market. Also that animals are being stolen by the zookeepers and also sold” (…) “A giraffe that died that was found to have an 18kg ball of plastic in its stomach, It had been living off food thrown to it by visitors, such as candy bars, which often still had the wrapper on it.” (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo)

[In this image (Image 17 of the photographic evidence) it can be seen the last specimen of giraffe that remained at the zoo, hours before dying after have eaten 18 kg of plastic bags and wrappers.] (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166431 )

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC News, said: “Last month, a young lion named Michael was found hanged in his cage at Surabaya zoo. The 18-month-old got his neck tangled in a cable used by keepers to open and close his cage. An official claimed the lion got himself caught as he jumped around. However, by the time the police arrived, the lion’s carcass had been removed from the cage, complicating any investigation into whether negligence contributed to his death. (…) A few days before Michael’s death, a wildebeest was found dead in its cage. A few days later, a young mountain goat died of neck injuries. Zoo officials said it was attacked by an adult goat. And in March 2012, 20kg (44 pounds) of plastic were found in the stomach of a dead giraffe. ” (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )

Amir Tejo, from The Jakarta Globe, said: “Three juvenile Komodo dragons have gone missing from one of the country’s most notorious zoos, amid revelations that zoo keepers waited five days before reporting the disappearance. The missing reptiles were from a group of 18 komodos that hatched at Surabaya Zoo in March 2010. (…) (Tony Sumampau, head of the zoo’s caretaker administration) said there was little possibility that the komodos had escaped from their cage. (…) Last August, the Forestry Ministry revoked Surabaya Zoo’s license following a rash of animal deaths. In the space of just a few weeks, a Sumatran tiger, African lion, wallaby, Komodo dragon, babirusa cub, Bawean deer, crocodile and several birds died. (…) At the behest of the zoo’s interim management, formed after the license was revoked, Surabaya Police and the East Java Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) conducted a joint probe that found negligent keepers were to blame for many of the deaths.”(http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/archive/zoo-suspects-missing-komodo-dragons-either-eaten-or-stolen/430960/ )

Erin Skarda, from TIME, said: “Two weeks ago, the zoo’s last remaining giraffe, 30-year-old Kliwon, died with a 40-lb. (18 kg) wad of plastic sitting in its stomach. For years, the animal had been eating whatever it could find, which was mostly trash thrown in its enclosure by zoo visitors.” (http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/03/15/the-disturbing-state-of-indonesias-zoo-of-death/ )

Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “Two cheetahs, gifts of the South African president, were killed because they were housed with tigers.”( http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

The Jakarta Post said: “(…) another animal was found dead, allegedly due to a lack of monitoring. (…) A six-month mountain goat was found dead, having wandered into a cage consisting of a group of deer through a hole in the fence separating the two cages. (…) the management would repair the fence in order to avoid a repeat of the incident, and that according to the latest estimate, there were 50 cages in the zoo in need of repair. ( http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/01/15/another-animal-dies-surabaya-zoo.html )

Agus Supangkat (zoo spokesman) said: “It seems the goat was attacked simultaneously by the group of deer.” ( http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/01/15/another-animal-dies-surabaya-zoo.html )



Trevor B., from Australia, said: “The zoo is unable to separate breeding animals, so breeding is out of control. For example, nearly 200 pelicans inhabit a filthy enclosure the size of a basketball court. They do not have the room to move their wings.” (Una foto de esto también puede verse en http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531) (https://www.change.org/p/president-jokowi-close-surabaya-zoo)

Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC News, said: “In a row of enclosures surrounded by a moat, dozens of long-tailed macaques roamed around in packs. At least 10 of them had babies attached to their stomachs like marsupials. (…) Dr Liang acknowledged that there was a surplus of macaques.” (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )

News.com.au said: “Whereas most zoos limit the number of animals born in captivity – taking into consideration how many can reasonably be cared for or exchanged with other zoos – the notion of family planning has not yet taken off here. Contraceptives are expensive and there are not adequate facilities to separate males and females. As result, species at the Surabaya zoo are bred to excess.”( http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/starved-and-abused-inside-indonesias-nightmare-zoo/story-e6frfq80-1226298813282 )

Veterinarian Liang Kaspe, the zoo’s head of operations, says regarding pelicans and herons cages: There is no overpopulation here. They need to live in big groups in order to breed.”(En el link puede observarse una foto (Imagen 23 de la evidencia fotográfica) de esto.)(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )


Evidence 11: SAD ANIMALS

[Photos (Images 5 and 6 of the photographic evidence) of monkeys with sad face behind a latticework] (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_6.htm ); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_7.htm )

[Photos (Images 12 and 13 of the photographic evidence) of saddened monkeys or without the company of others of the same species]( http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_12.htm ); (http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_13.htm )

[Photo (Image 14 of the photographic evidence) a mammal that looks like a lemur, which manifests sadness on its face.](http://spanish.china.org.cn/international/txt/2013-12/27/content_31023258_15.htm )

[Photo (Image 20 of the photographic evidence) of a sick bear in quarantine.] (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthpicturegalleries/9140708/Surabaya-Zoo-animals-kept-in-scandalous-conditions-at-Indonesias-largest-zoo.html?frame=2166434 )

[Photo (Image 27 of the photographic evidence) of an American bear with a skin disease, and with a sad face due to confinement and bad care.] (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surabaya_Zoo#/media/File:Surabaya_bear.jpg )



Alice Budisatrijo, from BBC news, said: “Director Ratna Achjuningrum rejected the notion that the Surabaya zoo had become a national shame. (…) The endangered primates she referred (proboscis monkeys) to came from the mangrove, riverine and swamp forests in the island of Kalimantan, also known as Borneo. I pointed out that the island where the proboscis monkeys lived in the zoo had several dead trees.” (En la Imagen 24 de la evidencia fotográfica aparecen estos primates arriba de los árboles estériles.) (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )

Ratna Achjuningrum, director at the Zoo, said: “We have many successes, for example we’ve been successful in breeding Komodos, and in providing a place for proboscis monkeys that resembles their natural habitat.”(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-25908531 )



Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “One staff member was using the zoo to breed ducks; the camel-keeper’s second wife was living in the camel shed so his first wife wouldn’t find out about her, and a sooth-sayer was selling advice from the hippo enclosure” (http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )


Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “The meat (for the tigers) was supplied by a staff-run business. They bought it cheap (laced at the market with the illegal preservative formalin) then sold it at a big mark-up. Sumampau (head of the Indonesian Parks Association and a consultant to the zoo) suspects formalin is responsible for Melani’s digestive distress. Another staff-owned company cut weeds from the side of the polluted Surabaya river to sell for herbivore food. (…) Melani the Sumatran tiger heaves herself painfully to her feet, walks to the fence and is hand-fed a few pieces of chicken cut into small chunks. She’s skin and bone, but she eats less than a child might before returning to chew, like a sick domestic cat, on the grass. There are less than 400 of Melani’s kind still roaming the dwindling forests of Sumatra, and soon this zoo-bound specimen will also be dead, after spending most of her life in squalor in Surabaya Zoo. She suffers from an unidentified wasting disease which means her food, even when it’s minced, passes through her, almost entirely undigested.”( http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

[Photo (Image 25 of the photographic evidence) where it is shown Melani, a tigress of Sumatra which is convalescent because of severe digestive problems, which, according Sumampau, head of the Indonesian Association of Parks and now adviser at the Zoo, are due to the ingestion of meat preserved with a chemical called formalin, better known as formaldehyde or formol which is highly toxic and carcinogenic according to WHO.]( http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )

Trisnadi Marjan: “Two men who each claimed to be the zoo’s chief were fired several years ago, but their followers among the staff have continued the feud. (…) Police believe the poisoning death of a Javan warthog in January, found with traces of cyanide in its stomach, was linked to that conflict.” (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/13/surabaya-zoo-indonesia-giraffe_n_1340941.html?  )

Charlotte Meredith, from Huffington Post, said: “Horrifying images (Image 30 and 31 from photographic evidence) have emerged from an infamous zoo in Indonesia dubbed the ‘Zoo of Death,’ showing a dead lion hanging in its cage. (…) Michael the lion’s emaciated body was found tangled in steel cables used to protect keepers at the Surabaya City Zoo. (…) Zoo spokesman Agus Supangkat said the cause of death was being investigated, but reports have emerged that the lion’s body was removed before police were able to examine it and cannot now be found. ” (In this news article it can be seen a video with the images of the lion hanging in its cage) ( http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/01/09/lion-dead-hanging-pictures_n_4568912.html )



Michael Bachelard, from Sydney Morning Herald, said: “In 2010, as the bad news mounted, the city government sacked the management, installed temporary leaders and brought Sumampau in as an unpaid consultant. The entrance fee has more than tripled, the Komodos released from their tiny cage, the orang-utans and monkeys given redesigned shelters and the tigers new holding yards where they can move. Rather than spending up to 10 days in tiny holding cells for every three days out on display, the tigers have more space, sunlight and exercise.” (http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/zoo-takes-terrible-toll-on-animals-20130526-2n5ct.html )


Los Angeles Times said: “Many employees have been caught stealing meat intended for the animals and sometimes, in the case of rare species, stealing the animals themselves, (Sumampouw) said.”( http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/unleashed/2010/08/zoo-official-issues-dire-warning-about-the-treatment-of-animals-at-indonesias-surabaya-zoo.html )

News.com.au said: “He (Sumampouw) said he believes some animals, including three young Komodos that disappeared last year, were stolen by caretakers and sold into the exotic pet trade. (…) Zookeepers also have been accused of taking meat meant for the tigers and selling it in the local market.”(http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/starved-and-abused-inside-indonesias-nightmare-zoo/story-e6frfq80-1226298813282 )



SEGUNDA VALORACION.- De las Pruebas aportadas no cabe la menor duda sobre la autenticidad de las mismas, considerando su procedencia, pues cada testimonio recopilado proviene de un enlace de internet donde se encuentra la información correspondiente que respalda y robustece la evidencia a través de un artículo e imágenes (fotografías). Sobre todos los artículos que se ofrecen como probanza y que además se etiqueta en los mismos los Delitos y las acciones cometidas (caso que no ocupa ni compete conocer ni decidir jurisdiccionalmente en este asunto por nuestra Parte), no hay objeción, descalificación o invalidación del contenido digital por la Parte que represento, en virtud de que son medios digitales que proceden de fuente digna y que además se declararon y publicaron en su momento de manera formal y abierta, de las cuales no cabe duda sobre su autenticidad o veracidad.-


TERCERA VALORACION.- Por lo expuesto, publicado, declarado y reproducido en los medios de comunicación y que ahora son presentados como Prueba digital para este caso por la Secretaria Ejecutiva del CIEB y TBDH Maestra Yan Maitri-Shi, se determinan dichas probanzas por la Parte que represento en cuanto Fiscal del CIEB y TBDH como LEGITIMAS y VALIDAS, mismas que respaldan y confirman la Acusación que presenta la International Association of Maitriyana (IAM) por Delitos y Violaciones a los Derechos de los Animales.-

En tal situación, se da inicio a la Cuarta Etapa del Procedimiento denominada de “CONTESTACION”, en la cual se establece el término de 5 cinco días a la Parte Acusada y Requerida ZOOLOGICO SURABAYA por los Delitos de MALTRATO, TORTURA Y DESCUIDO ANIMAL y Otros que resulten a fin de que emita la Contestación que desee o le corresponda frente a la Acusación y Requerimiento con respecto a las Pruebas aportadas, aceptadas y valoradas en el presente escrito.-




Fiscal del CIEB y TBDH


México mes de Agosto del año 2015 dos mil quince.-




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