The Big Interdependent Co-Arising (Maha-Pratitya-Samutpada)
Throughout history, the spiritual masters have transformed the perception of the nature of reality, arguing that the Universe has physical characteristics or intrinsic properties that are contrary to the individual’s ordinary mind such as imperfection, impermanence and insubstantiality. The Buddhist Relativism holds a model of Universe which is remarkably unique, as it is based on the direct contemplation (zen) of singularity. Thus, Maitriyana theorizes that the Cosmos has been originated by itself, which is a metathinking based on the paradoxical dialectical logic that is shared by some contemporary physicists. But this theory of Buddhist Relativism that redefines the Big Bang is certainly not new, but is ancient, because it is in the foundational bases of the teaching of Gautama who found evidence of the period before the Big Bang thanks to his existential meditation. Thus, the Free and Enlightened Being (Arhat-Bodhisattva) proposes the theory that the Universe never had a creation in spacetime, but rather it was originated from itself in a process called the Big Interdependent Co-Arising (Maha-Pratitya-Samutpada). This theory of Maitriyana is the continuation of the work of Gautama and other contemporary physicists, by arguing that the Cosmos had a beginning in the singularity where the laws of spacetime are non-linear and non-local, originating and expanding itself from an extraordinary event: the collapse or death of a previous Universe. Now, the Buddhist Relativism clarifies that this past is not really about a previous Cosmos, but rather is nothing less than the very future of the present Universe. This means that the Big Bang is the explosion which the Cosmos will have at the last instant of its existence, which shows the circular and self-originating nature of reality. The evidence of this Great Interdependent Co-Arising (Maha-Pratitya-Samutpada) arises after the mental experiments processes of contemplation (zen) about Singularity as an event beyond spacetime. Indeed, the spiritual masters perform thought experiments that provide deep insights about how the Universe and their causes work. It implies that not only mathematics and physics experiments are useful to perform scientific theories about Cosmos, but it is also possible to reach the Truth of life through the existential meditation. However, unlike the Loop Quantum Gravity, the Maitriyana’s theory proposes that spacetime-existence is formed by a network of Emptiness (Sunyata) in a sort of quantum foam which constitutes a kind of essential probabilities of the Real. Buddhist Relativism believes that the Universe behaves organically, so that their growth and expansion will eventually be replaced by an aging and shrinking process, then a new growth and expansion, and so on. Therefore, if the Cosmos would die, then it would grow again to reach a certain maturity. This expansion process is recognized through the dialectical logic. Now, what is truly extraordinary of Maitrayana is that it is also used the paradoxical logic to explain the interdependent co-arising of Cosmos, explaining that the Big Bang of the past is actually caused by the future of the Universe. In this model the Big Interdependent Co-Arising (Maha-Pratitya-Samutpada) it is allowed to understand something unimaginable: the infinite singularity.
The contemplative model of Buddhist Relativism provides a new vision on the formation of the Cosmos, which neither it would have been formed from Nothingness nor from other twin Universe, but rather it would have been from itself. This model implies that in every rebirth of Cosmos there are continued the same dynamical equations, the same amount of matter and the same laws of physics, although the sense of the existence of a circular Universe (Samsara) would be the Evolution. Indeed, the cosmological model of Maitriyana suggests that the Cosmos goes through learning processes precisely from the process of Awakening (Bodhi) of individuals, because self-conscious and self-realized beings attain Liberation from this repeated circuit, by establishing a systemic anomaly in the Universe. If the Cosmos is a fruit not from Big Bang or Big Bounce but from a dialectical and infinite circuit of arising-death-rebirth, then the only possible sense for this cosmological prison would be the establishment of learning as a liberating process of repetition (karma). In effect, the Free and Enlightened Beings (Arhats-Bodhisattvas) have pointed out that life is a school, stating that the only Purpose (Dharma) of existence is apprehending the Peak Knowledge (Satori). According to this alternative theory of Buddhist Relativism, the previous Universe is and is not the present Cosmos, since in the learning process its atoms of consciousness change slightly in each version. Although the contemporary physics would define the present Universe as the son of a previous Cosmos very similar to the current, certainly the spiritual masters allow clarifying that it is the same Universe that arises, collapses and is reborn from itself in an infinite series of learning processes. This theory of the Big Interdependent Co-Arising (Maha-Pratitya-Samutpada) suggests the possibility that before the Big Bang the death from the present Cosmos occurred, and this contraction would have given rise to the happening of the big interdependent co-arising of Universe. Like the Loop Quantum Gravity, the cosmological development of Maitriyana has a great importance because it provides a response to the pre-big bang Cosmos, by demonstrating the reason by which the supposedly previous Universe is so similar to the current but without being a perfect replica. However, this finding rests on a spiritual concept that is more than 2600 years old. Thus, although the Buddhist Relativism lacks a mathematical formulation it allows to compose an integrating vision of Einstein’s relativistic theory, the quantum theory and the string theory, since it is also paradoxically and dialectically described how all the different cosmological rebirths – together with all their infinite potentialities – coexist harmoniously as parallel Universes in the Multiverse. This description reveals that reality is much more stranger than what that the materialistic physics could even come to imagine. Although the Buddhist Relativism lacks a mathematical model, the observation which makes on the ultimate nature of the Real is based on a state of higher and amplified consciousness (H-ASC) that allows understanding the interexistence of the cosmic mind and its interdependent co-arising. In this way, the Free and Enlightened Being (Arhat-Bodhisattva) overcomes the cosmic amnesia that somehow implies disregarding of the prior Cosmos, realizing that the pre-big bang Universe is almost identical and indistinguishable from the current. But although the physical characteristics are twins, repeating the same structures of galaxies, however the spiritual characteristics would be different, because the present Cosmos would have inherited the evolutionary learning of its previous version. In a certain sense, the paradoxical dialectical logic allows clarifying that there is not a previous Universe nor will there be a later one, but it always will be kept a spatiotemporal-existential continuum regulated by the process of emergence-death-rebirth. Therefore, the cosmological model of Maitriyana not only serves to know the past or origin of Cosmos but also to know the future and destiny of the present Universe.
The theory of big Interdependent Co-Arising (Maha-Pratitya-Samutpada) is beyond the Big Bang, organically understanding that in every expansion there is a subsequent process of contraction and vice versa. Therefore, the Buddhist Relativism enlightens the origin of the Cosmos, by achieving something that even Einstein could not visualize appropriately: the Universe emerged from itself, and its spacetime being reborn from the quantum ashes of its own future death. The extraordinary thing about this contemplative prediction is that it can be tested by materialistic science. However, unlike Loop Quantum Gravity theory, the Maitriyana does not consider this eternal process of expansions and contractions is of recycling, because it is rather a universal process of rebirth or reincarnation. This model of the Cosmos is simultaneously simple and complex, because from a material view is an organic process of different eternal expansions and contractions, which can be understood through spacetime, while from a quantum perspective this is a temporary paradox in which the creation of the Universe in the past is a product of a destruction of the future, which can be understood through singularity. This brilliantly demonstrates that the Universe has a dual nature, being simultaneously both particle and wave, so that it changes shape according to the observation of the individual, as is the case with protons and atoms. This mysterious aspect of Cosmos is enlightened by the Buddhist Relativism, whose mystical cosmology represents an extraordinary metaphilosophical and metascientific model of the Real, although from the standpoint of materialistic physics this is pure intellectual speculation or a simple metaphysical thought.