Constitution

CONSTITUTION OF THE MAITRIYANA BUDDHIST COMMUNITY

 

Preamble

We, the Maitriyana Community of the Buddhist Nation, in order to preserve our cultural sovereignty, achieve the blessing of Liberation, maintain a sustainable development, live with humility and gratitude toward nature, help and guide the poor and oppressed, do create and establish this Constitution for the government of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community.

 

Article I. Political System

The Buddhist Nation shall be regulated by the ethical principles of non-violence, having the duty to promote individual freedom and social peace as a system of integral well-being, so that it renounces to any kind of violence and use of force. The Maitriyana Community is guided toward a democratic and pacifist system of government, having the Purpose (Dharma) to preserve the ancient spiritual traditions in the political, economic, cultural and environmental fields. An effort is made to transform the present situation of the Buddhist Nation into an international federation based on the practical ideals of world peace, social justice, advanced education and ecological harmony, promulgating and legalizing ethics as the fundamental guide of humanity.

 

Article II. Relationship with other States

The Buddhist Nation reaffirms its tribal and communal sovereignty, seeking a relationship of solidarity and mutual support with all States. On no occasion war or armed intervention shall be supported in any kind of country.

 

Article III. Jurisdiction

The boundaries of the geographic territory of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community are the places where the commune (sangha) is currently located. At the same time, not only sovereignty is reaffirmed over the cultural territory of the Buddhist Nation, including monuments and millenary sites with spiritual value during the last two thousand six hundred years, but it also holds the right to access universal jurisdiction in defense of both justice and equality of humanity and the rights of Mother Earth.

 

Article IV. Citizenship

The Buddhist Nation shall provide the right to citizenship or membership within the commune (sangha) to all traditions and lineages that recognize their cultural descent from Siddharta Gautama, such as Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana, Navayana and Maitriyana. Simultaneously, shall be allowed the incorporation of any individual that wishes to be part of this millenary tradition positioning the Maitriyana Buddhist Community as a distinctive and separate group with respect to the rest of society. The membership shall depend on the assumption of the spiritual values and ethical laws of the Buddhist Nation, whose registration will be in charge of the Executive Power that is the international temple World Association of Buddhism. Every member shall have the right that his or her spiritual name is respected. This membership will be equivalent to a citizenship within the Maitriyana Buddhist Community, not being similar to a register to vote in the decision making of the self-government of the commune (sangha).

 

Article V. Tribal Republic

Following the tradition of the ancient tribal republics (sanghas) of India, the powers of the government of the Buddhist Nation shall be divided into three interdependent branches: the executive, legislative and judicial. The equilibrium of this self-government system of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community is the tripartite relationship between the Buddhist Temple, the Buddhist Confederation and the Buddhist Tribunal. This relationship shall be based on the possession of the most extraordinary wealth: the three jewels of the Awakening-Purpose-Commune (Buddha-Dharma-Sangha). In this way, a system of government based on the three pillars of Meditation-Wisdom-Ethics (Dhyana-Prajña-Sila) is affirmed.

 

Article VI. Executive Power

The executive power of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community shall be in charge of the International Temple World Association of Buddhism, whose president shall be the Supreme Patriarch (Sangharaja), who shall perform his or her function for a period of eight years. The election of the function of Supreme Patriarch (Sangharaja) will be carried out by the registered voters, who are the members of the board of directors, through the majority of votes. The Supreme Patriarch (Sangharaja) shall be a Buddhist master and also leader of a spiritual tradition, having to be domiciled in the boundaries of the Temple. The functions that it shall have will be executing actions tending to keep the functioning and developing of peace, social justice, education and environmental health of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community, receiving support from the rest of the Board of Directors in order to carry out these tasks, especially the Vice-President and Secretaries. The President may create additional secretariats and also maintain the right of veto. In case of absence of the President or Supreme Patriarch (Sangharaja) for reasons of death, resignation or expulsion, the position shall be assumed by the Vice-President, who shall remain in office for the remainder of the term.

 

Article VII. Legislative Power

The legislative power of the Buddhist Nation shall be in charge of the United Buddhist Nations Organization, whose board of directors shall provide credentials to the members of the commune (sangha). The School or executive power of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community shall have the function of demarcating the spiritual teachings and ethical rules that the apprentices shall follow, so it is fundamental that such institution is directed by Buddhist masters, who will be able to resort to the support of secretaries in order to carry out their projects and administrative tasks. The President of the Confederation shall have the power to establish teachings and rules which are appropriate for the welfare of the Buddhist Nation and the entire world, provided that their spiritual style does not contradict the Purpose (Dharma) of the customary traditions inherited from Siddhartha Gautama and that have been practiced for two thousand six hundred years. These teachings and rules shall be publicly transmitted and exposed, in the same way that shall occur with the judgments and rulings of the court of justice of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community. In case of death, resignation or expulsion of the Rector, his or her duty to promote culture, of inherited knowledge and spiritual traditions shall be filled by the Vice-Rector with the support of the Board of Directors.

 

Article VIII. Judicial Power

The judicial power of the Buddhist Nation is in charge of the International Buddhist Ethics Committee & Buddhist Tribunal on Human Rights, whose Jury members are all Buddhist citizens acting on behalf of Buddhist institutions. The Presidency of the Committee and Tribunal shall be in charge of a Buddhist master, whose function shall be submitted to elections every ten years. In addition to the position of Buddhist Judge (Vinayadhara), there shall also be the functions of Prosecutor and Public Defender, who shall be Buddhist citizens with legal experience in Buddhist Law and Human Rights. The Presidency of the Committee and Tribunal shall have the ability to designate or create secretariats. As for jurisdiction, originally the Judicial Power of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community has special tribal jurisdiction over violations of Ethics, although there is also universal jurisdiction over violations of Human Rights committed in other countries. This ethical supervision includes the expulsion and removal of members from the executive and legislative powers of the Buddhist Nation, exercising control over the functioning and purity of the Temple and Confederation. At the same time, the legal procedures of the Committee and Tribunal shall be continuously improved on the basis of the spiritual teachings and ethical rules of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community in order to ensure a due process of justice, by providing a quick and efficient ethical solution to the problems. These decisions, judgments and resolutions shall be published and disseminated throughout the world, especially when dealing with matters concerning the international community. The authority of the Committee and Tribunal includes the recommendation of suspension and expulsion of the accused ones, using the ethical justice system instead of criminal or civil justice. The members of the Committee and Tribunal will be sanctioned with expulsion in cases of violence, defamation, corruption, sexual abuse and drug addiction, because every individual in charge of a function in the Buddhist Nation shall do so with honor and commitment. On the other hand, the Committee and Tribunal may issue an opinion about spiritual awards as matters concerning the Buddhist Ethics. All members of the Judicial Power shall never be considered as employees, reason by which they shall not be monetarily remunerated for the exercise of their governmental functions.

 

Article IX. Civil Rights

The Maitriyana Buddhist Community shall maintain and reaffirm the following rights:

  1. Everyone shall be considered as equal before the Law, regardless of their sexuality, nationality, economic status, academic level or any other distinctive element.
  2. The juridical process of the commune (sangha) shall be open to every individual, institution or country within the jurisdiction of the Buddhist Nation, offering protection and remedy to all those who experience suffering, always respecting the values and laws of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community.
  3. In the juridical proceedings carried out by the Buddhist Nation, the accused ones shall have the right to access a private lawyer or a public defender, being able to both refute the evidence presented by the Prosecutor as well as presenting evidence in their favor. In addition, accused ones have the right to a quick trial carried out for the impartiality of a jury without biases of greed, hatred and deceit.
  4. The Maitriyana Buddhist Community shall not prosecute and sentence an accused twice for the same offense. Nor shall a sentence involving cruel punishments, such as the deprivation of life, freedom, health and property, be performed, and having to exercise an ethical justice system that seeks mediation, reconciliation and the learning of the accused.
  5. The Buddhist Nation shall allow freedom of expression, of press, religion and work, as well as the right to peacefully gather or the right to petition before the Maitriyana Buddhist Community in search of conflict resolution.

 

Article X. Principles

The fundamental principles of Human Rights Declarations and Treaties developed within the international community shall be adhered, simultaneously developing new legal instruments that evolve the field of International Law in pursuit of protecting the intrinsic dignity of all forms of life, especially defending the individual and collective rights of Buddhist Peoples and Spiritual Communities. This function shall be in charge of the International Buddhist Ethics Committee & Buddhist Tribunal on Human Rights, as well as the United Buddhist Nations Organization. On the other hand, any local or international law that contradicts dignity and ethics shall be rejected and declared as invalid.

 

Article XI. Legal Code

This Constitution respects the traditional rules of the ancient legal code (vinaya) of two thousand six hundred years ago, at the same time that the Maitriyana Buddhist Community reaffirms the advice of Siddharta Gautama that certain minor rules should be changed, replaced or eliminated according to the passage of time and circumstances. This need for reform is evident in the light of the international human rights treaties to which this Constitution subscribes. It shall adhere to the respective laws of the host countries of the commune (sangha) except in cases in which they are contrary to the ethics and dignity of life.

 

Artículo XII. Educative Power

The Maitriyana Buddhist Community has a republican tribal system composed by the executive, legislative and judicial powers, but it also has a fourth power, the Educative Power, which is leaded by Maitriyana Buddhist University, Integral Buddhist University and United Buddhist Nations University.

 

Article XIII. Economic System

While the political system of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community maintains a democratic republican style, in turn, the economic system develops a libertarian communist style, so that all funds collected by the University and School are also destined for the maintenance of the other powers which are the Temple, the Confederation and the Tribunal. The executive branch is responsible for such administration or budget redistribution. This means that the economic income is redistributed equitably to all the powers of self-government of the commune (sangha), which should never behave for profit. Therefore, all income from cultural activities and donations shall be used toward wise and compassionate purposes that keep the Purpose (Dharma) and sacred destiny of the Buddhist Nation alive, providing educational opportunities for Buddhist Peoples and Spiritual Communities in order to be developed. This also involves providing physical and mental health services available at the International Temple World Association of Buddhism.

 

Article XIV. Cultural System

The right of every human being to access free advanced education shall be respected, both in childhood and in adulthood. These scholarships shall be accompanied by effort, purity and commitment on the part of the student or apprentice, who will receive spiritual, scientific and artistic knowledge. It shall be taught in the two main languages of the world, which are English and Spanish.

 

Article XV. Environmental System

The environmental health of the commune (sangha) shall be promoted, teaching the whole society with techniques to avoid pollution and the destruction of nature.

 

Article XVI. Oath

The members of the governing councils of the Executive, Legislative and Judicial Powers, which are respectively the Temple, the Confederation and the Tribunal of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community, shall subscribe to the spiritual oath of expressing the solemn commitment to fulfill the duties assumed under the guidance of the Buddha-Dharma-Sangha, preserving, protecting and defending the spiritual tradition, the Buddhist Nation and the Mother Earth, doing everything possible to promote and develop the politics, economy, culture and environment of the commune (sangha).

 

Article XVII. Constitutional Amendments

The Maitriyana Community of the Buddhist Nation reserves the power of self-determination to propose laws and amendments to this Constitution, which shall always be approved by its founder or by the majority of the board of directors and shall also be consistent with the spiritual tradition inherited from Siddharta Gautama. These amendments may be proposed by different traditions and lineages throughout the world.

 

Article XVIII. Seat of Government

The headquarters of the government of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community is located in Costa Bonita, Argentina. At the same time, all the institutions involved in the executive, legislative and judicial powers of the commune (sangha), which are the Temple, the Confederation and the Tribunal, are recognized as offices and governmental branches of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community.

 

Article XIX. Implementation

The Constitution of the Maitriyana Buddhist Community came into effect on August 5, 2018 after having been ratified by the presidents of the three powers, and shall be preserved in English and Spanish as a fundamental legal instrument for the Buddhist Nation at the international level.

 

 

Master in Transpersonal Philosophy

Master in Transpersonal Philosophy

 

PROGRAM 1 year

 

Module 1. Jung

Module 2. Assagioli

Module 3. Grof

Module 4. Maslow

Module 5. Washburn

Module 6. Fromm

Module 7. Frankl

Module 8. Campbell and Capra

Module 9. Krippner and Sheldrake

Module 10. Paniker

Module 11. Ram Dass

Module 12. Kabat-Zinn

 

 

Master in Lacanian Philosophy

Master in Lacanian Philosophy

 

PROGRAM 1 year

 

Module 1. Lacan and Plato

Module 2. Lacan and Kierkegaard

Module 3. Lacan and Heidegger

Module 4. Lacan and Sartre

Module 5. Lacan and Wittgenstein

Module 6. Lacan and Derrida

Module 7. Lacan and Foucault

Module 8. Lacan and Deleuze

Module 9. Lacan and Levi-Strauss

Module 10. Jorge Alemán

Module 11. Lacan and Borges

Module 12. Zizek

 

Degree of Buddhist Priest

Degree in Buddhist Priesthood

 

PROGRAM

 

First Semester

Module 1. Sermon of the Flower

Module 2. Sermon on the Mount

Module 3. Love the enemy and help the oppressed

Module 4. Gautama and Jesus: Path of the Christ-Buddha

Module 5. Beyond materialism

Module 6. Pure Earth

Module 7. Spiritual master as an instrument of peace and justice

Module 8. Imitation of Christ and Buddhic Nature

Module 9. Transmission from mind to mind and from heart to heart

Module 10. Freedom and spontaneity: being in the present

Module 11. Ultimate Reality and Totality

Module 12. Ethics of Unconditional Love

 

 

Second Semester

Module 1. Spiritual Theology

Module 2. Initiation and amplified consciousness

Module 3. Prophets of a better world

Module 4. Discipline of patience and generosity

Module 5. Religion of the Future

Module 6. Meaning of history: Liberation

Module 7. Being a citizen of the world

Module 8. Ecumenical Discourse

Module 9. Fraternity civilization

Module 10. Way of forgiveness and Reconciliation: the New Human Being

Module 11. Gautama, Saint Francis of Assisi and Teilhard de Chardin

Module 12. Postmodern Messianism: Theology of Liberation and the Kingdom of Righteousness

 

 

Degree of Buddhist Ascetic

Degree in Buddhist Ascesis

 

PROGRAM

 

First Semester

Module 1. Buddhism and Mystic Christianity

Module 2. Role and mystery of the spiritual master

Module 3. Esoteric and exoteric teachings

Module 4. Secret Doctrine

Module 5. Wisdom of the Enlightened Being

Module 6. Message from the Savior Being

Module 7. Mindfulness and Holy Spirit

Module 8. Practitioners’ spiritual community

Module 9. Practice: beyond faith

Module 10. The contemplative future of humanity

Module 11. Art of living

Module 12. Meditation on gospels

 

 

Second Semester

Module 1. Nirvana and Eternity

Module 2. Circular universe

Module 3. Purification of mind

Module 4. The cure of evil

Module 5. Path of Love and Humility

Module 6. Buddhism and Gnostic Christianity

Module 7. Ethics of the Middle Way: Beyond theism and atheism

Module 8. Non-violence of Gautama, Jesus and Gandhi

Module 9. Emptiness and fullness: Consciousness of the Self

Module 10. Poetic life

Module 11. Liberating experience

Module 12. Beyond reason: mind-heart

 

 

 

 

Degree of Buddhist Mystic

Degree in Buddhist Mysticism

 

PROGRAM

 

First Semester

Module 1. Love for the life

Module 2. Buddhism and Sufism

Module 3. Creativity and hidden abilities of the human being

Module 4. The Power and potentiality of Being

Module 5. The Death of False Ego

Module 6. Freedom in the present

Module 7. Spiritual Transfiguration

Module 8. Existence with courage and nobility

Module 9. Sainthood

Module 10. Integration with the divine

Module 11. Detachment and transcendence

Module 12. Equanimity

 

Second Semester

Module 1. Gautama and Muhammad

Module 2. Gautama and Confucius

Module 3. The Second Coming as a Global Awakening

Module 4. Perennial Spirituality

Module 5. Salvation as Awakening and mystical evolution of the human being

Module 6. The goal of the Kingdom of Spiritual Love

Module 7. Ascension

Module 8. Self-sacrifice

Module 9. The Good News

Module 10. Mystical philosophy of Jesus

Module 11. Charity, benevolence, solidarity and compassion

Module 12. Divinity as fellow being

 

 

 

 

 

Degree of Buddhist Theologist

Degree in Buddhist Theology

 

PROGRAM

 

First Semester

Module 1. Paradoxical teachings of Buddhas and Christs

Module 2. Contemplative Path of Gautama and Jesus

Module 3. Compassionate Wisdom

Module 4. Peak Knowledge

Module 5. Prophets of humanity

Module 6. Kingdom of Heaven in the here and now

Module 7. Experience of the divine

Module 8. Spirituality as lifestyle

Module 9. Mystical Resurrection

Module 10. The Essenes, Buddhism and Jesus

Module 11. The Bodhisattva and the mission to save the world

Module 12. Truth as a miracle

 

Second Semester

Module 1. Apocryphal Gospels

Module 2. Hui Neng and John of the Cross

Module 3. Chinese Christianity

Module 4. Ecumenical Dialogue

Module 5. Meditation, Purpose and Supreme Law

Module 6. Apocalypse and Spirituality in the contemporary world

Module 7. Revolutionary Utopia of Gautama and Jesus

Module 8. Spiritual evolution of humanity

Module 9. Socialism of Gautama and Jesus

Module 10. Libertarian and anti-imperialist spirituality

Module 11. Social Gospel and socially engaged practice

Module 12. Awakening and Liberation of the peoples

 

 

 

 

Degree of Buddhist Historian

DEGREE IN BUDDHIST HISTORY

 

Program

 

First Semester

Module 1. Neanderthal Communities and Homo Sapiens Communities

Module 2. Myths of Atlantis and Shambhala

Module 3. Mesopotamian and Phoenician Civilizations

Module 4. Egyptian and African Civilizations

Module 5. Minoan and Greek Civilizations

Module 6. Persian Civilization

Module 7. Viking and Celtic Civilization

Module 8. Olmec, Toltec, Mayan, Aztec, Inca, Tiahuanaco and Anasazi Civilizations

Module 9. Hebrew Civilization

Module 10. Roman Civilization

Module 11. Christian Civilization

Module 12. Islamic Civilization

 

Second Semester

Module 1. Buddhist Civilization in India

Module 2. Buddhist Civilization in Sri Lanka and Maldives

Module 3. Buddhist Civilization in Pakistan and Afghanistan

Module 4. Buddhist Civilization in Iran, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan and Kalmykia

Module 5. Buddhist Civilization in Burma and Bangladesh

Module 6. Buddhist Civilization in Thailand

Module 7. Buddhist civilization in Laos, Cambodia and Indonesia

Module 8. Buddhist Civilization in Tibet

Module 9. Buddhist Civilization in Bhutan and Nepal

Module 10. Buddhist Civilization in China, Russia and Mongolia

Module 11. Buddhist Civilization in Korea and Vietnam

Module 12. Buddhist Civilization in Japan

Degree of Buddhist Defender of Human Rights

DEGREE IN BUDDHIST LAW ON HUMAN RIGHTS

 

Program

 

First Semester

Module 1: Buddhist Customary Law and Vinaya Code

Module 2: Tribal-Indigenous Law and Juridical Pluralism

Module 3: Postmodern Buddhist Law according to the Maitriyana

Module 4: Communitarian Justice and Peace Justice

Module 5: Restorative Justice and Abolitionism

Module 6: Mediation, Conciliation and alternative dispute resolution

Module 7: Ethical Justice and Courts of Conscience

Module 8: Therapeutic and Solidarity Justice

Module 9: Indigenous Special Jurisdiction and Sovereign Immunity of the Sangha

Module 10: Rights of Tribal Peoples according to the ILO and the UN

Module 11: Constitutional Law, Universal Jurisdiction and Human Rights

Module 12: Social Justice and Judicial Activism

 

Second Semester

Module 1: Environmental Law

Module 2: Transnational and Transcultural Justice

Module 3: Communist Law and Libertarian Law

Module 4: Ombudsman and Civil Disobedience

Module 5: Democratization of Justice and Jury System

Module 6: Natural Law and Philosophy of Law

Module 7: Transitional Justice: Right to Truth, Reconciliation and Reparation

Module 8: Human Right to Peace, Education, Tolerance and Cooperation

Module 9: Human Right to Life, Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes against Humanity

Module 10: Ecocide and the Right to Sustainable Development and the Healthy Environment

Module 11: Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Module 12: Right to Religious Freedom and Freedom of Expression

Module 13: Spiritual Rights and Ecclesiastical Law

 

Degree of Buddhist Anthropologist

Degree in Buddhist Anthropology

 

Program

 

First Semester

Module 1. Free and Enlightened Human Being

Module 2. Spiritual Human Being

Module 3. Homo religious

Module 4. Spiritual masters and the torch of the future

Module 5. Awakening and intrinsic dignity of Being

Module 6. Toward a compassionate and peaceful civilization

Module 7. Homo Empathicus and original Goodness

Module 8. Cultural and spiritual evolution: beyond technology

Module 9. Contemplative development of the human being

Module 10. Existentialist humanism

Module 11. Eden, Golden Age and Pure Earth

Module 12. Planetary autopoiesis and transformation of the planetary community

 

Second Semester

Module 1. Path of posthumanity

Module 2. The inner Revolution: evolution of consciousness

Module 3. Humanity and universal family of unity and mutual aid

Module 4. Beyond East and West

Module 5. Evolutionism and the awakened society of love

Module 6. Alternative vision of the human being and the world

Module 7. Philosophical Anthropology: Evolution of Homo Sapiens into Homo Iluminatis

Module 8. Pluralism, Transculturalism and Transhumanity

Module 9. Ethical, solidary and integral leadership: being with the fellow beings

Module 10. Toward a humanity of values, freedom and responsibility

Module 11. Anthropology of the amplified states of consciousness

Module 12. The Buddhas of the past and the future