PhD in Buddhist Cooperativism


Program of 2 years


First Year

1. Joint-ownership company

2. Direct democratic control

3. Mutual support

4. Self-effort


6. Equality

7. Dharmic Economy

8. Solidarity Economy

9. Free voluntary adhesion

10. Managers’ Management

11. Cooperative education

12. Limited interest on capital


Second Year

1. Distribution of surplus
2. Cooperative integration
3. Partners’ government
4. Self-management
5. Services and common benefit
6. Social and environmental sustainable development
7. Autonomy and independence
8. Cooperation among cooperatives
9. Community interest
10. Alternative to capitalism
11. Racial and religious freedom
12. Cooperative integration


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