PhD in Buddhist Ethics and Western Philosophy

PhD in Buddhist Ethics and Western Philosophy

 

PROGRAM

 

First Year

  1. The origins of Greek thought
    The historical picture
    The Mycenaean monarchy
    The crisis of sovereignty
    The spiritual universe of the polis
    The crisis of the city
    The early sages
    The organization of the human cosmos
    Cosmogonies and myths of sovereignty
    The new image of the world

  1. The birth of philosophy
    Insanity as a source of wisdom
    the Labyrinth
    The god of the divination
    The challenge of the enigma
    The pathos of the occult
    Mysticism and dialectic
    The destructive reason
    Agonism and rhetoric
    Philosophy and Literature

  1. Pre-Socratic philosophers: Heraclitus
    Biography of Heraclitus
    Writings
    The cosmos: principles and process
    Doctrine of perpetual flux
    Darkness
    prophetic character
    Relationship to earlier thinkers
    Philosophical method: self-inquiry
    The Logos
    The beginning of wisdom: Heraclitean studies
    Heraclitus and Heidegger

  1. Pre-Socratic philosophers: Parmenides
    Hexa metric Poem of Parmenides
    The choice
    Human Error
    Signs of truth
    Unengendered and imperishable
    One and continuous
    Invariable
    Perfect
    The state of the version of Parmenides
    Light and night
    Cosmology
    Theory of mortal thought

  1. Aristotle and the cosmos
    Aristotelian system
    The perfection of the cosmos
    Body and geometric perfection
    La Quinta Essentia: Divine nature of the ether
    Living in philosophy
    The finiteness of the cosmos
    Uniqueness of the cosmos
    Relationship between the finite and the infinite
    The eternal and the divine in the cosmos
    Sphericity and proper motion
    Socratic Doctrine of the earth
    Aristotelian doctrine of the earth
    The problem of the generation
    About the heavy and the light weight

  1. The Birth of Greek tragedy (F. Nietzsche)
    Self Criticism Assay
    Prologue by Richard Wagner
    Pessimism
    The Greek musical drama
    Socrates and Tragedy
    The Dionysian vision of the world

  1. The conquest of the illusion
    Philosophy of the experience
    The mystery of life
    From the unreal to the real
    The image of the world
    The experience of reality
    Intuition and Logic
    The dual mind
    Science and Philosophy
    Mysticism
    Absolute and relative
    Esoteric and exoteric
    The mystery of creation
    Time and aternity
    Spirit and matter
    The opposites of good and evil
    Freedom of choice
    Justice of life
    Immortality
    The meaning of life
    Practical Philosophy

  1. History of Philosophy
    Presocratics
    Plato and Aristotle
    Stoics and Neoplatonists
    Gnostics
    Scholastica
    F. Bacon
    Philosophy of the moderns
    Kantian philosophy
    Theory of the Ideal and the Real
    Hegel, Schelling and Fichte
    Schopenhaurian philosophy

  1. Intuition of Life
    The transcendence of life
    From life to the idea
    Death and Immortality
    Destination Concept
    The individual law

  1. Special theory of knowledge
    The essence of philosophy
    The position of the theory of knowledge in the philosophical system
    The phenomenon of knowledge and the problems contained in it
    Dogmatism and skepticism
    Subjectivism and relativism
    Pragmatism and criticism
    Rationalism and empiricism
    Intellectualism and apriorism
    Pre-metaphysical Solutions: The objectivism and subjectivism
    Metaphysical Solutions: realism, idealism, phenomenalism
    Theological Solutions: monism, pantheism, dualism, theism
    The problem of intuition and its history
    Reason and unreason of intuitionism
    The concept and criteria of truth
    The Essence and system of the categories
    The substantiality
    The concept and principle of causality

  1. Descartes
    Life and writings
    The problem of the method
    The Cartesian doctrine
    Discourse on Method
    metaphysical meditations
    Of things that can be questioned
    From the nature of the human spirit
    Of the existence of God
    Rules for the direction of the spirit
    The principles of the philosophy

  1. The personalism
    Structures of the personal universe
    The person immersed and transcendent of the nature
    Incarnated existence
    Customizing of the nature
    Personalism against individualism
    communication
    Unity of the people
    The intimate conversation
    The Gathering (about-itself)
    The secret (the in itself)
    The vertigo of the depth
    From the appropriation to the no-appropriation
    vocation
    Interiority-objectivity Dialectic
    The facing
    The exceptional singularity
    Rupture Values and the person as a protest
    Affirmation: the person as act and as election
    The irreductible
    Freedom of choice and freedom of adhesion
    Freedom as spontaneity different from (emergence)
    Specific approaches to transcendence
    The eminent dignity
    The direction of the transcendent cure
    Truth
    The values and personalist ethics
    The art and personalist aesthetics
    History as community of destinies
    The compromise
    Dimensions of the action
    Political polo and prophetic polo
    Personalism and the revolution of the twentieth century

 

Second Year

  1. Twilight of Metaphysics
    – The crisis empiricist and positivist
    – The crisis by virtue of linguistic analysis
    – By analytic philosophy to metaphysical realism?
    – The crisis of metaphysics in Critical Rationalism
    – Liberation heuristic metaphysics
    – From the evolutive scientific rationality?
    – Attempts of scientific materialist metaphysics
    – The controversy of materialism
    – Anti-scientificism and anti-materialism from a metaphysical rationality?
    – The positivist – historical Crisis
    – The Marxist metaphysical Crisis
    – Philosophy of emancipation
    – Marxist eschatological Metaphysics
    – Social Ontology
    – Metaphysics of work
    – Review of culture: transforming the critique of ideologies
    – Genealogical critique of metaphysics (Nietzsche)
    – The enigma of the experience
    – Psychology of the metaphysics
    – Review of the metaphysical world: the value of truth as a problem; critique of ascetic idealism and moral ontology
    – Review of logical reason: principles and articles of faith, the subjective necessity of logic
    – The genealogy of language awareness and language, language and grammar, metaphysics and metaphoricity
    – The pulsion of freedom
    – Overcoming metaphysics: the experience of nihilism, tragic philosophy and affirmative pathos, the aesthetic transformation of

life and philosophy
– Ontologies and metaphysical from Schopenhauer and Nietzsche
– The Hemerneutic crisis of metaphysics
– Deconstruction of the metaphysics
– Critical reflections regarding the hermeneutics of difference
– Return to metaphysics from hermeneutic phenomenology
–  Metaphysics metaphoricity of language (P. Ricoeur)
– The passage of the metaphor to metaphysical concept
– Ontological explicitation of  the reference postulate in speculative discourse
– Towards a new metaphysics of life (Ortega / Cerezo)
– The encounter with phenomenology
– Phenomenological Realism
– Reform of reason and the idea of ??being
– Linguistic transmutation  of metaphysics of life
– By the Phenomenology to Metaphysics (X. Zubiri)
– Sensitivity analysis
– New ideas of “intelligence” and “reality” from the analysis of the “sentient intellection”
– The real truth
– The modes of intellection
– New metaphysics as “physics of the trans”
– Post-Nietzschean Metaphysics
– The philosophical theoretical level of absolute idealism (Hegel / Puntel)
– Indispensability of the absolute theoretical level
– Determination of absolute idealism as supreme philosophical level
– The concept of the thing-in-itself and for-itself
– A logical impossibility supported in the “self-of the concept”
– Metaphysics of Communication (Apel / Habermas)
– Reasons of the metaphysical implications of communicative rationality
– The transcendental semiotics as first philosophy
– Transcendental Hermeneutics
– Anthropology of knowledge
– Postmetaphysical as utopia?
– Twilight of metaphysics
– Metaphysics and Modernity
– Postmetaphysical self-understanding of the philosophy of communicative action?
– Justification reflexive and constitution of experience: truth and reality
– Metaphysical dawn ?

  1. Bergsonism
    Bergson and Plotinus
    Criticism of illusions and ontology of the presence
    Recovery Metaphysical as full figure of emancipation
    Habit, memory and duration
    Sartre and Bergson
    Controversy Bergson) (Merleau-Ponty
    From J. F. Lyotard Bergson
    Marxist interpretation of Bergsonism
    The Terror, about the power of words
    The super-humanism
    Bergson and Latin America
    Vitalistic Scriptures: Images and affirmation
    Function and value of the metaphorical in philosophical discourse
    From Bergson to Deleuze
    Between philosophy and improvisation
    From Bergson to Freud

  1. Experience and philosophy fromm the finitude to Eternity
    The problem of Augustinianism and Cartesianism
    Hobbes and consolidation of peace
    Spinoza: Politics and Philosophy
    Hume: criticism of mechanism and human sciences
    Kant: Ethics and Law
    The Ethical Way of Sartre
    Being, Nothingness and Freedom
    Foucault: analysis of power
    The will to knowledge
    Kierkegaard <> Nietzsche: against reason
    Logos and Mythos
    Psychoanalysis, Philosophy and Ethics
    Latin American philosophy
    Borges and the time
    Transcendence and conception of value

  1. Contemporary French Philosophy
    Abensour and critical political philosophy
    Badiou and contemporary philosophy
    Vermeren and the past of the philosophy
    Vauday and Image
    Fraisse and controversy of the sexes
    Lefort and human rights

  1. Wittgenstein and Language
    Language as pure materiality
    Generative and paradigmatic restriction
    From the existence semiotic
    From Space to logic temporality
    Linguistic competence and performance of the speaker
    Primacy of grammatical subject
    From the logical syntax to the language games
    Analysis and logical syntax
    Reflex theory
    Philosophical grammatical transition
    comprehension
    Games language
    significance
    Nonsense and the mystical

  1. Deleuze’s philosophical heritage
    Differential strategies of the Deleuzian thought
    Becoming of thought
    Ethics of the event
    Deleuze and the Stoics
    Political machination: Deleuze-Guattari
    Deleuze Aesthetics and art in
    visibility Fundamentals of of the world: Deleuze-Ponty
    Creation and invention in contemporaneity

  1. Western Wisdom
    Where is Modernity goes?
    It is totalitarian the totalizing thinking?
    Judging contemporary art?
    The tectonics of the sub-modern thinking in the reflection of his art
    The final game of Derrida
    The memory of the Sofia

  1. Glossary of Deleuze
    Event – Agencying – Aion
    Complication – Contemplation
    Cristal of time or of unconscious
    Body without organs
    Deterritorialization / Becoming
    transcendental empiricism
    Line of escape
    Desiring machines and of war
    Immanence plane of chaos
    Difference and Repetition
    Rhizome
    Preindividual singularity
    Disjunctive synthesis
    Univocity of being
    Nonorganic vitality and Virtuality

  1. Foucault from Deleuze
    Analysis of “Archeology of knowledge”
    Study on “Discipline and Punish”
    Thinking-of-differently
    Strata or historical formations: the visible and the expressible (know)
    Strategies or non-Stratified: the outside thinking (power)
    The folds or the inside of thought (subjectivation)
    About death of the man and the superman

  1. The Philosophy of Foucault
    knowing
    Disorder and difference
    Production of utterances and objects
    Death, poverty and insanity
    Production of modern reason
    social Sciences
    The discourse and power devices
    Power-pleasure
    Domestication of the subject
    Habermas and Foucault
    The ethical perspective
    The relationship with oneself
    Self-mastery
    Contemporary ethical subjectivities
    Kafka- Deleuze
    The life assumed as Art

  1. Foucaultian epistemology
    Historical a priori and analysis of discourse
    The new story
    From the archeology to genealogy of power
    Discourse Units
    Discursive formations
    Hypothesis of the diversity of objects
    Formation of enunciative modalities
    Formation of the concepts and strategies

  1. Foucauldian applications
    Forms of Subjectivity
    Technologies of the ego
    Process of subjectivation and the production of Self
    Objectification of the subject
    Relations of the subject with the truth
    Self Care
    Techniques of the existence
    Forms of individuation
    Political Anatomy
    Biopower and biopolitics
    Discourse, dynamics and economy of power
    Spaces of power
    Disciplinary society and Disciplines
    Procedure of the test
    Microphysics of power and micropowers
    Power relations
    Knowledge-power
    History of Madness
    Madness as a phenomenon and as essence
    Alienist paradigm and melancholy
    The normal and the pathological
    Technology of the confession
    Sexuality
    Ideology as disturbing element
    Obstacles and epistemological ruptures

 

Third Year

  1. Deleuze according to Badiou
    Renewed concept of One
    The purified automaton
    monotonous productions
    Univocity of Being and multiplicity of names
    Heidegger’s limit
    The method: antidialectical
    Travel of the intuition
    The virtual
    A rethought foundation
    Time and truth
    The power of the false
    Primacy of time and destemporalización
    Memory and forgetting
    Eternal return and randomness
    Opposite directions
    Nietzsche and Mallarmé
    The outside and the fold
    An anti-Cartesianism
    a singularity

  1. Bataille and eroticism
    Paradoxes Thinker
    Sexuality as transit of discontinuous beings
    Work as effort subject to loss
    The prohibition as a defense of reason against excess
    Affinity between sex and death
    Transgression and the affirmation of difference
    The evil
    Sadism
    Beauty and the object of desire
    The sacred as ambivalent presence
    Union of opposites
    Courage to the anguish

  1. Surrealists Acts
    Surreal Life (V. Castre)
    Notes on Poetry (André Breton and Paul Eluard)
    Surrealism in 1943 (Charles Duits)
    Farewell to Surrealism (Wolfgang Paalen)
    The new spirit (André Breton)
    Landscapes (Henry Miller)
    Proclamation (Victor Brauner)
    Jacques Rigaut (André Breton)
    Robert Desnos (Matthew Josephson)
    Entrance of the mediums (André Breton)
    An Andalusian Dog (Carlos Fuentes)
    Prologue (Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí)
    Glass of love (Antonin Artaud)
    William Tell (Salvador Dali)
    The Breton Lelgoualch (Raymond Roussel)
    Nadja (André Breton)
    The French Love
    Surreal Text (Raymond Queneau)
    One reason for walking (Jean Ferry)
    Raymond Roussel (Jean Ferry)
    The mundane tiger (Jean Ferry)
    Fashion in the tropics (Jorge Caceres)
    Dreams (Marcell Noll)
    The dreamer through the ramparts (Pierre Reverdy)
    Pumps gas stations (Louis Aragon)
    Early risers (Theophilus Cid)
    The Queen of Carreau (Paul Eluard)
    The woman (Svanberg)
    The Warlock (Michel Leiris)

  1. Lessons for the professional actor
    Why a method is needed in the current theater ?
    Questions and answers
    How to develop our emotions and our bodies?
    Theory and Practice
    Repetition is the growing strength
    The creative process: inspiration and method
    Sentiment of entirety
    The role of the director
    The psychological gesture
    Scene Criticism by Peter Frye
    The theater of the future
    Imagination
    Continuous performance

  1. The Nietzschean Philosophy Art
    Human too human
    Of the first and last things
    To serve the History of Moral Sentiments
    Religious life
    Of the soul of the artists and writers
    Characters of high and low civilization
    Man in society
    The woman and the child
    Peek over the State
    The man with himself

  1. About the Technique of Acting
    The Chekhovian map for an inspired performance
    Imagination and concentration
    The Higher Self
    Objective atmosphere and individual feelings
    The actor’s body
    The psychological gesture
    Incorporation and characterization
    Of the text to rehearsal room
    Composition of the interpretation
    The four stages of the creative process
    For the film and television actor

  1. Analysis of the Tractatus Logico – Philosophicus

  1. Antiphilosophical Learning: Deleuze
    Hegel and poststructuralism
    Bergsonian ontology
    Movement and positive emanation of being
    Determination and efficient difference
    The multiplicity: quantity and quality
    Being of the becoming and organization of the present
    Nietzschean ethics
    Efficient power to the ethics of affirmation
    Transcendental method and partial critique
    The slave logic and the efficient will
    Resurgence of negativity
    Logic of the slave and insurrectional critique
    Ethic synthesis of the efficient will
    Total criticism as the ground of being
    Pathos and joy: Spinozian  practice of affirmative being
    The uniqueness and real distinction
    The uniqueness and formal distinction
    Speculation and ontological expression
    Attributes interpretation of the
    The privileges of unconscious thought
    True and adequate
    The body and the combinationsof the composed being
    The constitution of reason
    The art of organization
    Ontology, affirmation, practice and constitution

  1. Antiphilosophy from Badiou
    Ethics, politics and psychiatry
    Lacan, philosophy and the Real
    Nietzsche as anti-philosopher
    Thinking philosophically the politics
    Theatre and Philosophy

  1. Being as Happening
    The one and the multiple: a priori conditions of any possible ontology
    Theory of the pure multiple: paradoxes and critical decision
    Emptiness: proper noun of being (first brand existential)
    Articulation Plato / Aristotle / Cantor
    Being: excess, state of the situation.
    One / Multiple, All / Parts
    The point of excess: belonging and inclusion
    The emptiness and excess
    One, uniqueness and put-in-one
    The state (metastructure) and the type of being (normally, uniqueness, excrescence)
    The state of the socio-historical situation
    Articulation with Spinoza
    Being: Nature and infinite
    Nature: poem or mathema?
    The ontological scheme of multiple natural and the absence of Nature
    Infinity: the other, the rule and the Other
    The ontological decision : there is infinite in multiple natural
    Point of being and route operator. Succession and limit.
    The second existential seal
    The defined finite and the infinite
    Articulation Hegel / Heidegger’s
    Infinity and reexamination of evil
    The happening: History and ultra-one
    Happening sites and historical situations
    Mathema of the event
    The interdiction that being carries on the event
    The ontological scheme of historicity and instability
    The axiom of foundation (meta-ontological thesis)
    Nature and history
    The happening depends on what-is-the-not-being-in-so much that-being
    The happening: intervention and fidelity
    Pascal’s election to the deduction of Hölderlin
    Intervention: Illegal choice of a name of Happening
    The multiple form of intervention: There is a choice being of?
    Fidelity and connection
    Deduction as ontological fidelity operator
    Quantity and know, the discernible or constructible
    The concept of number and the impasse of ontology
    Ontological destination of the orientation in thought
    Constructivist thought and knowledge of being
    Fold of being and sovereignty of the-language
    The absolute nonbeing of the event
    Legalization of intervention
    Normalization of excess and sapient ascesis
    Articulation with Leibniz
    The generic: indiscernible and truth
    The thought of the generic and be in truth
    Knowledge, truth and veracity
    The generic as the multiple being of a truth
    Articulation with Rousseau
    The existence of the indiscernible: the power of names
    The forcing: truth and subject
    Subjectification: intervention and faithful connection operator
    Randomness as  material of the subject
    Subject and truth: indiscernibility and nomination
    Truthfulness and truth from the faithful procedure of the forcing
    The subjective production
    The forcing: from the indiscernible to the undecidable
    From Descartes to Lacan

  1. Existential phenomenology
    Metaphysical being
    The authenticity of philosophy
    Being subject is exist in the world
    significance of life
    Primary fact of existential philosophy
    Work and being-active in the world
    Technocracy and philosophy
    Phenomenology of knowledge
    Empiricism and idealism
    intentionality
    Noesis and noema
    Immanence of sensitive and spiritual knowledge
    the concept
    the judgment
    Phenomenology of truth
    Existence as logos and enlightenment
    Objectivity, subjectivity, relativity
    Reason and science
    Reasoning and Logic
    Phenomenology of intersubjectivity
    Exist as coexist
    Body as intermediary
    Phenomenology of love, hate and indifference
    Active and creative tendency
    Phenomenology of the right
    Phenomenology of freedom
    Meaning and meaning of existence
    Being subject as being free and ethical
    Freedom as Project  and Transcendence
    Atheism and being-for-death

  1. The storm of Philosophy
    Critical Thinking
    Philosophy of heroism
    Existential psychoanalysis
    Against power and mental illness
    Antiphilosophy
    The death of philosophy
  2. Philosophy to the divan
    Freud and Plato
    Freud and Kant
    Freud and Sartre

 

Fourth Year

  1. Philosophy at the Divan
    Freud and Plato
    Freud and Kant
    Freud and Sartre

    2. Bergson’s philosophy
    Metaphilosophical ontology
    Being of consciousness and Time
    Life and matter
    The creating becoming
    Intuitive knowledge
    Post-physical science
    Language of art
    Ethics of Spirituality

    3. Philosophy of Plato
    Platonic beginning of thinking
    Muses
    Reason
    Knowing of Unity
    The denial of the affirmation
    The task of knowledge

    4. The Essential Tao
    Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu
    Chuang Tzu
    Freedom
    Equalization of things
    Mastery of nurturing life
    Human world
    According with the virtue
    Grand Master of the source
    Conducting sensitive
    Historical frame of Taoism
    Interpretation of Taoism

    5. Philosophy for the sublimation of sexual energy
    The snake coiled
    Ignorance, civilization
    Stagnation of human evolution
    The ideal
    The incarnated spirit
    Purpose of sex
    Desire and Pleasure Principle
    Inspiration, intellect and intuition
    The sexual
    Neurosis
    Asceticism
    Liberty
    Ethics
    Mysticism
    Oriental philosophies
    The path of perfection: Unscrewing the snake
    The future: Superman
    Cosmic Consciousness and Survival

    6. Ideas of Life after Death
    Man’s interest in the beyond
    Primitive societies
    African religions
    Precolumbian American civilizations
    Oriental religions
    Societies from Near East
    Islamic society
    Christian imagery
    Nature of eternal life: mystical consideration
    Life, death, consciousness and awareness of death
    Psychedelic drugs and death experience
    Illusion
    Physics, philosophy and mysticism
    Experiences on the edge of clinical death
    Images of the beyond
    Posthumous journey of the soul
    Ritual encounters with the soul
    Death and Rebirth in schizophrenia and in the states of hallucination

    7. Contemporary Explorations about Death
    Visions of a larger reality
    Survival after death
    About reincarnation
    Examination of communications with the dead
    Panoramic vision: hallucination or bridge to the beyond?
    Spontaneous contact with the dead from the perspective of therapists, sociologists and psychologists
    Science, death and purpose
    Memory survives the death of the brain?
    Overcoming the dualism and materialism: a new model of survival
    Who survives?
    Death and Beyond in the perennial philosophy
    Thoughts on the moment of death
    Immortality and Freedom: Hindu approach
    Death, rebirth and meditation
    Teachings of Tibetan Buddhism
    Shamanic initiation
    Personal mythologies of death and its evolution
    Travel to the land of the dead: Shamanism and samadhi

    8. Teachings of Wittgenstein
    Idealism and Analytic Philosophy
    Philosophy of Science
    Identity and indiscernibility
    Logical Philosophical Mysticism
    Truth, temporality and the Real
    The nonmeaning
    Academic traditional philosophy Vs. the Thought of Wittgenstein
    Language and thinking
    Meaning and Action
    Possible worlds
    Phenomenology of the divine
    Wittgenstenian observations on the unconscious

    9. The Sense of Creation
    Philosophy as a creative act
    The man: microcosm and macrocosm
    The creation and redemption
    Creation and gnoseology
    The creation and being
    Creation and Liberty: individualism and universalism
    Creation and asceticism: genius and holiness
    The creation and sexuality: the feminine and the masculine
    Love
    The beauty and art
    A new ethics of creation
    Sociality
    Mysticism
    Culture and Church

    10. Spiritual utopias
    Occupation of emptiness
    The immanentization of the sacred
    The path of the counterculture
    Emotionalism
    Orientalism
    Millenarism
    Occultism
    Subjectivism
    Syncretism
    Pelagianism
    Indigenism
    Gnosticism
    Psychologism
    Ecologism
    Pacifism
    A new spirituality
    Yoga, Zen and what is transcendental

    11. The Wisdom of Yogi Masters
    Union, transformation and liberation
    Grades and branches of Yoga
    Spiritual Search: transcendence of ego and consciousness of Being
    Transcendental Psychology
    Knowledge of the Unconscious
    Levels of mind
    Superconsciousness
    Inner work and the Samadhi experience
    Psychophysiological Training
    Perfecting of mind
    Supreme knowledge
    Sublimation of life energy
    Self-realization through the action of Being
    The search for the Logos
    Teaching and mission of Sri Ramakrishna
    Life and Teaching of Sri Aurobindo
    Life and Teaching of Ramana Maharshi
    Far from mundane: peace in the Himalayas
    Yogatherapy
    The gurus of the future
    Gandhi: a giant of justice and spiritual love

    12. The Guru and the Psychiatrist
    The journey
    The first meeting
    Simplicity
    A rock torn to pieces
    Psychiatry and Spirituality
    The simian mind
    Caduceus and kundalini
    A soul in transformation
    Return-to-home
    Burn up to burn out
    Love
    Lotus Feet

    13. Greek Philosophy and Mysticism
    The infinite, Chaos, the physis and the Nothingness
    The return of Spirituality
    Philosophy of ambivalence and identity of the ancient
    Wisdom philosophical mysticism
    Origin of Humanism
    The soul-in-the-city
    Critics to Academicism
    Philosophy of finitude and impermanence

 

 

 

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